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Open AccessArticle

Efficient Hydrolysis of Lignocellulose by Acidic Ionic Liquids under Low-Toxic Condition to Microorganisms

Division of Natural System, Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology, Kanazawa University, Kakuma-machi, Kanazawa 920-1192, Japan
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, University of Lampung, Jl. Soemantri Brojonegoro No.1, Bandar Lampung 35145, Indonesia
Institute for Frontier Science Initiative, Kanazawa University, Kakuma-machi, Kanazawa 920-1192, Japan
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Montserrat Gómez and Daniel Pla
Catalysts 2017, 7(4), 108;
Received: 10 March 2017 / Revised: 4 April 2017 / Accepted: 6 April 2017 / Published: 7 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Catalysis in Innovative Solvents)
Lignocellulose is known as a renewable resource, and acidic ionic liquids have been highlighted as efficient catalysts for hydrolysis of cellulose. To achieve successive hydrolysis and fermentation, efficient hydrolysis with sufficiently diluted acidic ionic liquids is necessary because acidic ionic liquids are toxic to fermentative microorganisms. Escherichia coli was confirmed to grow in 0.05 M dilute acidic ionic liquid—1-(1-butylsulfonic)-3-methylimidazolium hydrogen sulfate ([Sbmim][HSO4])—although the growth was suppressed in more concentrated solutions. Therefore, we applied the 0.05 M [Sbmim][HSO4] solution to hydrolysis of bagasse, leading to a glucose yield of 48% at 190 °C. This value is greater than that obtained with a concentrated [Sbmim][HSO4] solution, which is not suitable for the growth of Escherichia coli (yield: 40% in a 1.0 M solution). Efficient hydrolysis with acidic ionic liquids under low-toxic condition was achieved. View Full-Text
Keywords: acidic ionic liquid; hydrolysis; biomass acidic ionic liquid; hydrolysis; biomass
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kuroda, K.; Inoue, K.; Miyamura, K.; Satria, H.; Takada, K.; Ninomiya, K.; Takahashi, K. Efficient Hydrolysis of Lignocellulose by Acidic Ionic Liquids under Low-Toxic Condition to Microorganisms. Catalysts 2017, 7, 108.

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