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Open AccessArticle

Cu Nanoparticles/Fluorine-Doped Tin Oxide (FTO) Nanocomposites for Photocatalytic H2 Evolution under Visible Light Irradiation

Key Laboratory of Functional Molecular Engineering of Guangdong Province, School of Chemistry & Chemical Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510640, China
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Catalysts 2017, 7(12), 385; https://doi.org/10.3390/catal7120385
Received: 12 August 2017 / Revised: 29 September 2017 / Accepted: 29 September 2017 / Published: 12 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nanomaterials for Environmental Purification and Energy Conversion)
Copper nanoparticles/fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) nanocomposites were successfully prepared by a simple hydrothermal method. The synthesized nanocomposites were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), UV-visible diffuse-reflectance spectrum (UV-VIS DRS), energy dispersive X-ray (EDX), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Raman spectra, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The obtained Cu/FTO nanocomposites exhibit high photocatalytic activity for H2 evolution under visible light (λ > 420 nm) irradiation. When the content of Cu is 19.2 wt % for FTO, the Cu/FTO photocatalyst shows the highest photocatalytic activity and the photocatalytic H2 evolution rate is up to 11.22 μmol·h−1. Meanwhile, the photocatalyst exhibits excellent stability and repeatability. It is revealed that the transfer efficiency of the photogenerated electrons is improved greatly because of the intense interaction between Cu NPs and FTO. Furthermore, a possible mechanism is proposed for enhanced photocatalytic H2 evolution of Cu/FTO photocatalysts under visible light irradiation. View Full-Text
Keywords: Cu nanoparticles; Cu/FTO nanocomposites; H2 evolution; visible light; transfer efficiency Cu nanoparticles; Cu/FTO nanocomposites; H2 evolution; visible light; transfer efficiency
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Liu, H.; Wang, A.; Sun, Q.; Wang, T.; Zeng, H. Cu Nanoparticles/Fluorine-Doped Tin Oxide (FTO) Nanocomposites for Photocatalytic H2 Evolution under Visible Light Irradiation. Catalysts 2017, 7, 385.

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