Next Article in Journal
The Composition and Structure of Ultra-Dispersed Mixed Oxide (II, III) Particles and Their Influence on In-Situ Conversion of Heavy Oil
Previous Article in Journal
The Catalytic Performance of Ni-Co/Beta Zeolite Catalysts in Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis
Open AccessArticle

Effect of Reduction of Pt–Sn/α-Al2O3 on Catalytic Dehydrogenation of Mixed-Paraffin Feed

1
Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Amrita School of Engineering, Coimbatore, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Coimbatore 641112, India
2
Centre of Excellence in Advanced Materials and Green Technologies, Amrita School of Engineering, Coimbatore, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Coimbatore 641112, India
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Catalysts 2020, 10(1), 113; https://doi.org/10.3390/catal10010113
Received: 7 December 2019 / Revised: 29 December 2019 / Accepted: 8 January 2020 / Published: 13 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Catalytic Materials)
The effect of the Pt–Sn/α-Al2O3 catalyst reduction method on dehydrogenation of mixed-light paraffins to olefins has been studied in this work. Pt–Sn/α-Al2O3 catalysts were prepared by two different methods: (a) liquid phase reduction with NaBH4 and (b) gas phase reduction with hydrogen. The catalytic performance of these two catalysts for dehydrogenation of paraffins was compared. Also, the synergy between the catalyst reduction method and mixed-paraffin feed (against individual paraffin feed) was studied. The catalysts were examined using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) analysis. The individual and mixed-paraffin feed dehydrogenation experiments were carried out in a packed bed reactor fabricated from Inconel 600, operating at 600 °C and 10 psi pressure. The dehydrogenation products were analyzed using an online gas chromatograph (GC) with flame ionization detector (FID). The total paraffin conversion and olefin selectivity for individual paraffin feed (propane only and butane only) and mixed-paraffin feed were compared. The conversion of propane only feed was found to be 10.7% and 9.9%, with olefin selectivity of 499% and 490% for NaBH4 and hydrogen reduced catalysts, respectively. The conversion of butane only feed was found to be 24.4% and 23.3%, with olefin selectivity of 405% and 418% for NaBH4 and hydrogen reduced catalysts, respectively. The conversion of propane and butane during mixed-feed dehydrogenation was measured to be 21.4% and 30.6% for the NaBH4 reduced catalyst, and 17.2%, 22.4% for the hydrogen reduced catalyst, respectively. The olefin selectivity was 422% and 415% for NaBH4 and hydrogen reduced catalysts, respectively. The conversions of propane and butane for mixed-paraffin feed were found to be higher when compared with individual paraffin dehydrogenation. The thermogravimetric studies of used catalysts under oxygen atmosphere showed that the amount of coke deposited during mixed-paraffin feed is less compared with individual paraffin feed for both catalysts. The study showed NaBH4 as a simple and promising alternative reduction method for the synthesis of Pt–Sn/Al2O3 catalyst for paraffin dehydrogenation. Further, the studies revealed that mixed-paraffin feed dehydrogenation gave higher conversions without significantly affecting olefin selectivity. View Full-Text
Keywords: dehydrogenation; Pt–Sn/Al2O3 catalyst; reduction method; mixed-paraffin feed dehydrogenation; Pt–Sn/Al2O3 catalyst; reduction method; mixed-paraffin feed
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Avithi Kanniappan, S.; Ragula, U.B.R. Effect of Reduction of Pt–Sn/α-Al2O3 on Catalytic Dehydrogenation of Mixed-Paraffin Feed. Catalysts 2020, 10, 113.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop