For the sake of decreasing the effects of noise and temperature error on the measurement accuracy of micro-electro-mechanical system (MEMS) gyroscopes, a denoising and temperature drift compensation parallel model method based on wavelet transform and forward linear prediction (WFLP) and support vector regression based on the cuckoo search algorithm (CS-SVR) is proposed in this paper. First, variational mode decomposition (VMD) is proposed in this paper, which is aimed at dividing the output signal of the gyroscope into intrinsic mode functions (IMFs); then, the IMFs are classified into three features—drift, mixed, and pure noise features—by the sample entropy (SE) value. Second, a wavelet transform and forward linear prediction (WFLP) are combined to remove the noise from the mixed features. Meanwhile, the drift feature is compensated by support vector regression based on the cuckoo search algorithm (CS-SVR). Finally, through reconstruction, the final signal is obtained. Experimental results demonstrate that the VMD-SE-WFLP-CS-SVR method proposed in this paper can decrease noise and compensate the temperature error effectively (angular random walking value is optimized from 1.667°/√h to 0.0667°/√h and the bias stability is reduced from 30°/h to 4°/h). In terms of denoising, the performance of the WFLP algorithm is superior to the wavelet threshold and FLP, as it combines their advantages; furthermore, in terms of temperature compensation, the proposed CS-SVR algorithm uses the cuckoo search algorithm to find the optimal parameters of SVR, improving the accuracy of the model.
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