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Article

Microfluidic Long-Term Gradient Generator with Axon Separation Prototyped by 185 nm Diffused Light Photolithography of SU-8 Photoresist

1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Shibaura Institute of Technology, 3-7-5 Toyosu, Koto-ku, Tokyo 135-8548, Japan
2
Department of Human Pathology, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8510, Japan
3
Division of Life Science, Tokyo Denki University, Hiki-gun, Saitama 350-0394, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Micromachines 2019, 10(1), 9; https://doi.org/10.3390/mi10010009
Received: 15 November 2018 / Revised: 18 December 2018 / Accepted: 21 December 2018 / Published: 24 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue SU-8 for Microfluidics and Lab-on-a-chip)
We have developed a cast microfluidic chip for concentration gradient generation that contains a thin (~5 µm2 cross-sectional area) microchannel. The diffusion of diffused 185 nm ultraviolet (UV) light from an inexpensive low-pressure mercury lamp exposed a layer of the SU-8 photoresist from the backside and successfully patterned durable 2 µm-high microchannel mold features with smooth bell-shaped sidewalls. The thin channel had appropriate flow resistance and simultaneously satisfied both the rapid introduction of test substance and long-term maintenance of gradients. The average height and width at the half height of the channel, defined by a 2 µm-wide line mask pattern, were 2.00 ± 0.19 µm, and 2.14 ± 0.89 µm, respectively. We were able to maintain the concentration gradient of Alexa Fluor 488 fluorescent dye inside or at the exit of the thin microchannel in an H-shaped microfluidic configuration for at least 48 h. We also demonstrated the cultivation of chick embryo dorsal root ganglion neuronal cells for 96 h, and the directional elongation of axons under a nerve growth factor concentration gradient. View Full-Text
Keywords: SU-8; microchannel; prototyping; microfluidic gradient generator; axon elongation SU-8; microchannel; prototyping; microfluidic gradient generator; axon elongation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Futai, N.; Tamura, M.; Ogawa, T.; Tanaka, M. Microfluidic Long-Term Gradient Generator with Axon Separation Prototyped by 185 nm Diffused Light Photolithography of SU-8 Photoresist. Micromachines 2019, 10, 9. https://doi.org/10.3390/mi10010009

AMA Style

Futai N, Tamura M, Ogawa T, Tanaka M. Microfluidic Long-Term Gradient Generator with Axon Separation Prototyped by 185 nm Diffused Light Photolithography of SU-8 Photoresist. Micromachines. 2019; 10(1):9. https://doi.org/10.3390/mi10010009

Chicago/Turabian Style

Futai, Nobuyuki, Makoto Tamura, Tomohisa Ogawa, and Masato Tanaka. 2019. "Microfluidic Long-Term Gradient Generator with Axon Separation Prototyped by 185 nm Diffused Light Photolithography of SU-8 Photoresist" Micromachines 10, no. 1: 9. https://doi.org/10.3390/mi10010009

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