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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

A Study on Parametric Amplification in a Piezoelectric MEMS Device

1
Aramco Research Center–Houston, Aramco Services Company, Houston, TX 77084, USA
2
Department of Physics, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Micromachines 2019, 10(1), 19; https://doi.org/10.3390/mi10010019
Received: 10 December 2018 / Revised: 26 December 2018 / Accepted: 28 December 2018 / Published: 29 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Section A:Physics)
In various applications, damping from the surrounding fluid severely degrades the performance of micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS). In this paper, mechanical amplification through parametric resonance was investigated in a piezoelectrically actuated MEMS to overcome the effects of damping. The device was fabricated using the PiezoMUMPS process, which is based on a Silicon-on-Insulator (SOI) process with an additional aluminum nitride (AlN) layer. Here, a double-clamped cantilever beam with a concentrated mass at the center was excited at its first resonance mode (out-of-plane motion) in air and at atmospheric conditions. A parametric signal modulating the stiffness of the beam was added at twice the frequency of the excitation signal, which was swept through the resonance frequency of the mode. The displacement at the center of the device was detected optically. A four-fold increase in the quality-factor, Q, of the resonator was obtained at the highest values in amplitude used for the parametric excitation. The spring modulation constant was obtained from the effective quality-factor, Q e f f , versus parametric excitation voltage curve. This study demonstrates that through these methods, significant improvements in performance of MEMS in fluids can be obtained, even for devices fabricated using standard commercial processes. View Full-Text
Keywords: MEMS; parametric resonance; nonlinear systems MEMS; parametric resonance; nonlinear systems
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gonzalez, M.; Lee, Y. A Study on Parametric Amplification in a Piezoelectric MEMS Device. Micromachines 2019, 10, 19.

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