Deoxynivalenol Modulates the Viability, ROS Production and Apoptosis in Prostate Cancer Cells
AbstractDeoxynivalenol (DON), known as vomitoxin, a type B trichothecene, is produced by Fusarium. DON frequently contaminates cereal grains such as wheat, maize, oats, barley, rye, and rice. At the molecular level, it induces ribosomal stress, inflammation and apoptosis in eukaryotic cells. Our findings indicate that DON modulates the viability of prostate cancer (PCa) cells and that the response to a single high dose of DON is dependent on the androgen-sensitivity of cells. DON appears to increase reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in cells, induces DNA damage, and triggers apoptosis. The effects of DON application in PCa cells are influenced by the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and NFΚB- HIF-1α signaling pathways. Our results indicate that p53 is a crucial factor in DON-associated apoptosis in PCa cells. Taken together, our findings show that a single exposure to high concentrations of DON (2–5 µM) modulates the progression of PCa. View Full-Text
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Habrowska-Górczyńska, D.E.; Kowalska, K.; Urbanek, K.A.; Domińska, K.; Sakowicz, A.; Piastowska-Ciesielska, A.W. Deoxynivalenol Modulates the Viability, ROS Production and Apoptosis in Prostate Cancer Cells. Toxins 2019, 11, 265.
Habrowska-Górczyńska DE, Kowalska K, Urbanek KA, Domińska K, Sakowicz A, Piastowska-Ciesielska AW. Deoxynivalenol Modulates the Viability, ROS Production and Apoptosis in Prostate Cancer Cells. Toxins. 2019; 11(5):265.Chicago/Turabian Style
Habrowska-Górczyńska, Dominika E.; Kowalska, Karolina; Urbanek, Kinga A.; Domińska, Kamila; Sakowicz, Agata; Piastowska-Ciesielska, Agnieszka W. 2019. "Deoxynivalenol Modulates the Viability, ROS Production and Apoptosis in Prostate Cancer Cells." Toxins 11, no. 5: 265.
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