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Optimizing the Nutritional Support of Adult Patients in the Setting of Cirrhosis

1
Department of Medicine, Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19129, USA
2
Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2017, 9(10), 1114; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu9101114
Received: 28 August 2017 / Revised: 25 September 2017 / Accepted: 9 October 2017 / Published: 13 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition and Liver Disease)
Aim: The aim of this work is to develop a pragmatic approach in the assessment and management strategies of patients with cirrhosis in order to optimize the outcomes in this patient population. Method: A systematic review of literature was conducted through 8 July 2017 on the PubMed Database looking for key terms, such as malnutrition, nutrition, assessment, treatment, and cirrhosis. Articles and studies looking at associations between nutrition and cirrhosis were reviewed. Results: An assessment of malnutrition should be conducted in two stages: the first, to identify patients at risk for malnutrition based on the severity of liver disease, and the second, to perform a complete multidisciplinary nutritional evaluation of these patients. Optimal management of malnutrition should focus on meeting recommended daily goals for caloric intake and inclusion of various nutrients in the diet. The nutritional goals should be pursued by encouraging and increasing oral intake or using other measures, such as oral supplementation, enteral nutrition, or parenteral nutrition. Conclusions: Although these strategies to improve nutritional support have been well established, current literature on the topic is limited in scope. Further research should be implemented to test if this enhanced approach is effective. View Full-Text
Keywords: nutrition; cirrhosis; end-stage liver disease; Child-Turcotte-Pugh; malnutrition; dietary intervention; improved oral intake nutrition; cirrhosis; end-stage liver disease; Child-Turcotte-Pugh; malnutrition; dietary intervention; improved oral intake
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Perumpail, B.J.; Li, A.A.; Cholankeril, G.; Kumari, R.; Ahmed, A. Optimizing the Nutritional Support of Adult Patients in the Setting of Cirrhosis. Nutrients 2017, 9, 1114.

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