Next Article in Journal
Alcohol, Athletic Performance and Recovery
Next Article in Special Issue
The Role of Soy in Vegetarian Diets
Previous Article in Journal
Human Milk Banking–Facts and Issues to Resolve
Previous Article in Special Issue
Health Benefits of Nut Consumption
Open AccessArticle

Nutritional Status of Flemish Vegetarians Compared with Non-Vegetarians: A Matched Samples Study

Department of Human Biometry and Biomechanics, Faculty of Physical Education and Physical Therapy, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, B-1050 Brussel, Belgium
Department of Biomedical Kinesiology, Faculty of Kinesiology and Rehabilitation Sciences, K.U.Leuven, Tervuursevest 101, B-3001 Leuven, Belgium
Department of Movement and Sports Sciences, Ghent University, Watersportlaan 2, B-9000 Gent, Belgium
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2010, 2(7), 770-780;
Received: 17 June 2010 / Revised: 9 July 2010 / Accepted: 12 July 2010 / Published: 14 July 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Vegetarian Nutrition)
The present study compares the nutritional status of vegetarian (V) with non-vegetarian (NV) subjects. A three-day food record and a health questionnaire were completed by 106 V and 106 NV matched for following characteristics: sex, age, BMI, physical activity, tobacco use and alcohol consumption. Total energy intake was not significantly different (men: V: 2,346 ± 685 kcal/d; NV: 2,628 ± 632 kcal/d; p = 0.078; women: V: 1,991 ± 539 kcal/d; NV: 1,973 ± 592 kcal/d; p = 0.849). Macronutrients intake differed significantly between the V and NV subjects for protein (men: V:12.7 ± 2.3 E%; NV:15.3 ± 4.5 E%; p = 0.003; women: V: 13.2 ± 2.3 E%; NV:16.0 ± 4.0 E%; p < 0.001), fat (men: V: 29.3 ± 8.4 E%; NV: 33.8 ± 5.3 E%; p = 0.010; women: V: 29.7 ± 6.9 E%; NV: 34.7 ± 9.0 E%; p < 0.001), and carbohydrate (men: V: 55.3 ± 10.1 E%; NV: 47.4 ± 6.9 E%; p < 0.001; women: V: 55.1 ± 7.6 E%; NV: 47.2 ± 8.2 E%; p < 0.001). The intake of most minerals was significantly different between the V and the NV subjects. V had a lower sodium intake, higher calcium, zinc, and iron intake compared to the NV subjects. Our results clearly indicate that a vegetarian diet can be adequate to sustain the nutritional demands to at least the same degree as that of omnivores. The intakes of the V subjects were closer to the recommendations for a healthy diet when compared to a group of well matched NV subjects. View Full-Text
Keywords: vegetarians; matched samples; nutritional status vegetarians; matched samples; nutritional status
MDPI and ACS Style

Deriemaeker, P.; Alewaeters, K.; Hebbelinck, M.; Lefevre, J.; Philippaerts, R.; Clarys, P. Nutritional Status of Flemish Vegetarians Compared with Non-Vegetarians: A Matched Samples Study. Nutrients 2010, 2, 770-780.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Only visits after 24 November 2015 are recorded.
Search more from Scilit
Back to TopTop