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Review

The Complex Role of Lactic Acid Bacteria in Food Detoxification

1
Institute of Microbiology, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
2
Institute of Chemical Engineering, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Michael J. Barratt
Nutrients 2022, 14(10), 2038; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14102038
Received: 3 April 2022 / Revised: 2 May 2022 / Accepted: 10 May 2022 / Published: 12 May 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Role of Lactobacillus and Probiotics in Human Health and Diseases)
Toxic ingredients in food can lead to serious food-related diseases. Such compounds are bacterial toxins (Shiga-toxin, listeriolysin, Botulinum toxin), mycotoxins (aflatoxin, ochratoxin, zearalenone, fumonisin), pesticides of different classes (organochlorine, organophosphate, synthetic pyrethroids), heavy metals, and natural antinutrients such as phytates, oxalates, and cyanide-generating glycosides. The generally regarded safe (GRAS) status and long history of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) as essential ingredients of fermented foods and probiotics make them a major biological tool against a great variety of food-related toxins. This state-of-the-art review aims to summarize and discuss the data revealing the involvement of LAB in the detoxification of foods from hazardous agents of microbial and chemical nature. It is focused on the specific properties that allow LAB to counteract toxins and destroy them, as well as on the mechanisms of microbial antagonism toward toxigenic producers. Toxins of microbial origin are either adsorbed or degraded, toxic chemicals are hydrolyzed and then used as a carbon source, while heavy metals are bound and accumulated. Based on these comprehensive data, the prospects for developing new combinations of probiotic starters for food detoxification are considered. View Full-Text
Keywords: food; lactic acid bacteria; toxins; mycotoxins; pesticides; heavy metals; antinutrients food; lactic acid bacteria; toxins; mycotoxins; pesticides; heavy metals; antinutrients
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MDPI and ACS Style

Petrova, P.; Arsov, A.; Tsvetanova, F.; Parvanova-Mancheva, T.; Vasileva, E.; Tsigoriyna, L.; Petrov, K. The Complex Role of Lactic Acid Bacteria in Food Detoxification. Nutrients 2022, 14, 2038. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14102038

AMA Style

Petrova P, Arsov A, Tsvetanova F, Parvanova-Mancheva T, Vasileva E, Tsigoriyna L, Petrov K. The Complex Role of Lactic Acid Bacteria in Food Detoxification. Nutrients. 2022; 14(10):2038. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14102038

Chicago/Turabian Style

Petrova, Penka, Alexander Arsov, Flora Tsvetanova, Tsvetomila Parvanova-Mancheva, Evgenia Vasileva, Lidia Tsigoriyna, and Kaloyan Petrov. 2022. "The Complex Role of Lactic Acid Bacteria in Food Detoxification" Nutrients 14, no. 10: 2038. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14102038

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