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Article

Caregivers’ Role in the Effectiveness of Two Dutch School-Based Nutrition Education Programmes for Children Aged 7–12 Years Old

1
Consumption and Healthy Lifestyles Group, Wageningen University & Research, 6700 EW Wageningen, The Netherlands
2
Priority Research Center for Physical Activity and Nutrition (PRCPAN), The University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia
3
School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medicine, The University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia
4
School of Environmental and Life Sciences (SELS), Faculty of Science, The University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2021, 13(1), 140; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13010140
Received: 27 November 2020 / Revised: 29 December 2020 / Accepted: 31 December 2020 / Published: 1 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Weight Outcomes of Kids: What Can Parents Do?)
Childhood eating behaviours can track into adulthood. Therefore, programmes that support early healthy eating, including school-based nutrition education programmes, are important. Although school-based programmes may be beneficial in improving nutrition knowledge, impact on actual fruit and vegetable (FV) intake is generally limited as FV intake is also influenced by the home environment. The current study includes secondary analyses of data from an evaluation study on Dutch nutrition education and examined the role of caregivers’ health promotion behaviours (HPB) in influencing healthy eating behaviours in primary school children (n = 1460, aged 7–12 years) and whether caregivers’ HPB contribute to programme effectiveness. Children’s nutrition knowledge, FV intake and caregivers’ HPB (FV/sugar-sweetened beverages/sweets provision to take to school, cooking together and talking about healthy food at home) were measured by child-reported questionnaires at baseline, during, and 6 months post-programme. Results indicated that caregivers’ HPB was positively associated with children’s healthy eating behaviours and that programme effectiveness was highest in those in the lower HPB subcategory. In conclusion, children with less encouragement to eat healthily at home potentially benefit more from school-based nutrition education programmes than children receiving more encouragement. This highlights the important role of the home environment in supporting healthy eating behaviour in children. View Full-Text
Keywords: home environment; nutrition education programmes; caregivers; FV intake; primary school children home environment; nutrition education programmes; caregivers; FV intake; primary school children
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MDPI and ACS Style

Verdonschot, A.; de Vet, E.; van Seeters, N.; Warmer, J.; Collins, C.E.; Bucher, T.; Haveman-Nies, A. Caregivers’ Role in the Effectiveness of Two Dutch School-Based Nutrition Education Programmes for Children Aged 7–12 Years Old. Nutrients 2021, 13, 140. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13010140

AMA Style

Verdonschot A, de Vet E, van Seeters N, Warmer J, Collins CE, Bucher T, Haveman-Nies A. Caregivers’ Role in the Effectiveness of Two Dutch School-Based Nutrition Education Programmes for Children Aged 7–12 Years Old. Nutrients. 2021; 13(1):140. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13010140

Chicago/Turabian Style

Verdonschot, Angeliek, Emely de Vet, Natalie van Seeters, Jolieke Warmer, Clare E. Collins, Tamara Bucher, and Annemien Haveman-Nies. 2021. "Caregivers’ Role in the Effectiveness of Two Dutch School-Based Nutrition Education Programmes for Children Aged 7–12 Years Old" Nutrients 13, no. 1: 140. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13010140

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