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Article

Sociodemographic Differences in the Dietary Quality of Food-at-Home Acquisitions and Purchases among Participants in the U.S. Nationally Representative Food Acquisition and Purchase Survey (FoodAPS)

1
Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881, USA
2
School of Global Public Health, New York University, New York, NY 10012, USA
3
New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(8), 2354; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12082354
Received: 6 July 2020 / Revised: 31 July 2020 / Accepted: 3 August 2020 / Published: 7 August 2020
Insufficient research has explored whether sociodemographic differences in self-reported, individual-level diet quality are similarly reflected by grocery purchase quality. This cross-sectional analysis of n = 3961 U.S. households from the nationally representative Food Acquisition and Purchase Survey (FoodAPS) compared Healthy Eating Index (HEI)-2015 scores from 1 week of food-at-home acquisitions across self-reported demographic factors (race/ethnicity, Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) participation, food security, and household-level obesity status). Multivariable-adjusted, survey-weighted regression models compared household HEI-2015 scores across sociodemographic groups. Respondents were primarily White and female, with a mean age of 50.6 years, 14.0% were food insecure, and 12.7% were SNAP-participating. Mean HEI-2015 scores were 54.7; scores differed across all sociodemographic exposures (p < 0.05). Interactions (p < 0.1) were detected between SNAP participation and (1) food insecurity and (2) household-level obesity, and race/ethnicity and (1) household-level obesity. HEI-2015 scores were higher among food secure, non-SNAP households than among food insecure, SNAP-participating households (53.9 ± 0.5 vs. 50.3 ± 0.7, p = 0.007); non-SNAP households without obesity had significantly higher HEI-2015 scores than other households. Household-level obesity was associated with lower HEI-2015 scores in White (50.8 ± 0.5 vs. 52.5 ± 0.7, p = 0.046) and Black (48.8 ± 1.5 vs. 53.1 ± 1.4, p = 0.018) but not Hispanic households (54.4 ± 1.0 vs. 52.2 ± 1.2, p = 0.21). Sociodemographic disparities in household HEI-2015 scores were consistent with previous research on individual-level diet quality. View Full-Text
Keywords: grocery purchase quality; FoodAPS; Food Acquisition and Purchase Survey; food purchases; sociodemographic disparities; diet quality; Healthy Eating Index grocery purchase quality; FoodAPS; Food Acquisition and Purchase Survey; food purchases; sociodemographic disparities; diet quality; Healthy Eating Index
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MDPI and ACS Style

Vadiveloo, M.K.; Parker, H.W.; Juul, F.; Parekh, N. Sociodemographic Differences in the Dietary Quality of Food-at-Home Acquisitions and Purchases among Participants in the U.S. Nationally Representative Food Acquisition and Purchase Survey (FoodAPS). Nutrients 2020, 12, 2354. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12082354

AMA Style

Vadiveloo MK, Parker HW, Juul F, Parekh N. Sociodemographic Differences in the Dietary Quality of Food-at-Home Acquisitions and Purchases among Participants in the U.S. Nationally Representative Food Acquisition and Purchase Survey (FoodAPS). Nutrients. 2020; 12(8):2354. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12082354

Chicago/Turabian Style

Vadiveloo, Maya K.; Parker, Haley W.; Juul, Filippa; Parekh, Niyati. 2020. "Sociodemographic Differences in the Dietary Quality of Food-at-Home Acquisitions and Purchases among Participants in the U.S. Nationally Representative Food Acquisition and Purchase Survey (FoodAPS)" Nutrients 12, no. 8: 2354. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12082354

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