Next Article in Journal
Do Parent–Child Dyads with Excessive Body Mass Differ from Dyads with Normal Body Mass in Perceptions of Obesogenic Environment?
Previous Article in Journal
A Comprehensive Evaluation of the Impact of Bovine Milk Containing Different Beta-Casein Profiles on Gut Health of Ageing Mice
Open AccessArticle

Changes in the Dietary Habits of the Greek EPIC Cohort Participants during a 14-Year Follow-Up Period (1997–2011)

1
Hellenic Health Foundation, 11527 Athens, Greece
2
National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, 11527 Athens, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(7), 2148; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12072148
Received: 23 June 2020 / Revised: 12 July 2020 / Accepted: 16 July 2020 / Published: 19 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Nutrition, Education and Dietetics)
The aim of this study is to evaluate the changes in the nutritional behavior of the Greek EPIC (European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition) cohort participants regarding the consumption of basic food groups, during a 14-year period (1997–2011). In the Greek segment of the EPIC cohort study (EPIC-Greece), the changes in dietary habits of 23,505 participants regarding several food items/groups (vegetables, legumes, fruits, nuts, dairy, cereal, meat, fish/seafood, olive oil) were recorded repeatedly over time and compared to the baseline assessment (1994–1997), using a short, qualitative, follow-up questionnaire. Descriptive statistics were used to study the trends in nutritional behavior over time and ordinal logistic regression models to study the associations between the ordered responses of the questionnaire and sociodemographic and health factors. More participants reported an increase rather than a decrease in the consumption of vegetables, fruits, fish/seafood, whilst the inverse was observed for dairy products, nuts, cereals, and meat. No prevailing trend was noted for legumes and olive oil. Factors such as being female and having high education relate to more positive (healthy) changes in nutritional behavior. There seems to be primarily a change to a more healthy nutritional behavior of the EPIC-Greece participants over the follow-up period, with different participant subgroups presenting different degrees of nutritional changes. View Full-Text
Keywords: food questionnaire; nutritional behavior; follow-up dietary data; EPIC; ordinal regression food questionnaire; nutritional behavior; follow-up dietary data; EPIC; ordinal regression
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Skourlis, N.; Patsis, I.; Martimianaki, G.; Peppa, E.; Trichopoulou, A.; Katsouyanni, K. Changes in the Dietary Habits of the Greek EPIC Cohort Participants during a 14-Year Follow-Up Period (1997–2011). Nutrients 2020, 12, 2148. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12072148

AMA Style

Skourlis N, Patsis I, Martimianaki G, Peppa E, Trichopoulou A, Katsouyanni K. Changes in the Dietary Habits of the Greek EPIC Cohort Participants during a 14-Year Follow-Up Period (1997–2011). Nutrients. 2020; 12(7):2148. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12072148

Chicago/Turabian Style

Skourlis, Nikolaos; Patsis, Ioannis; Martimianaki, Georgia; Peppa, Eleni; Trichopoulou, Antonia; Katsouyanni, Klea. 2020. "Changes in the Dietary Habits of the Greek EPIC Cohort Participants during a 14-Year Follow-Up Period (1997–2011)" Nutrients 12, no. 7: 2148. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12072148

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop