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Effects of COVID-19 Home Confinement on Eating Behaviour and Physical Activity: Results of the ECLB-COVID19 International Online Survey

Institute of Sport Science, Otto-von-Guericke University, 39106 Magdeburg, Germany
Research Laboratory, Molecular Bases of Human Pathology, LR12ES17, Faculty of Medicine, University of Sfax, Sfax 3000, Tunisia
Institute of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Münster, 48149 Münster, Germany
High Institute of Sport and Physical Education of Sfax, University of Sfax, Sfax 3000, Tunisia
Research Laboratory: Education, Motricity, Sport and Health, EM2S, LR19JS01, University of Sfax, Sfax 3000, Tunisia
Research Unit: Physical Activity, Sport, and Health, UR18JS01, National Observatory of Sport, Tunis 1003, Tunisia
Higher Institute of Computer Science and Multimedia of Sfax, University of Sfax, Sfax 3000, Tunisia
Research Group Neuroprotection, German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (DZNE), Leipziger Str. 44, 39120 Magdeburg, Germany
Medical Faculty, Department of Neurology, Otto-von-Guericke University, Leipziger Str. 44, 39120 Magdeburg, Germany
High Institute of Sport and Physical Education, University of Gafsa, 2112 Gafsa, Tunisia
Laboratório de Vibrações Mecânicas e Práticas Integrativas, LAVIMPI-UERJ, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 20950-003, Brazil
Faculdade Bezerra de Araújo, Rio de Janeiro, Rj 23052-180, Brazil
Department of Psychology, Health & Technology, University of Twente, 7522 Enschede, The Netherland
Department of Psychology, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, 20123 Milano, Italy
Laboratório de Fisiologia do Exercício, Estácio de Sá University, Rio de Janeiro 20261-063, Brasil
College of Business Administration, American University in the Emirates, 503000 Dubai Academic City, Dubai, UAE
Faculty of social science, Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin 34148-96818, Iran
UVHC, DeVisu, Valenciennes; LIRTES-EA 7313, Université Paris Est Créteil Val de Marne, 94000 Créteil, France
Department of Health Sciences (DISSAL), Postgraduate School of Public Health, University of Genoa, 16132 Genoa, Italy
Laboratory for Industrial and Applied Mathematics (LIAM), Department of Mathematics and Statistics, York University, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, ON M3J 1P3, Canada
ASPETAR, Qatar Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, Doha 29222, Qatar
Laboratory “Sport Performance Optimization”, (CNMSS); ISSEP Ksar-Said, Manouba University, 2010 Manouba, Tunisia
Exercise Science Research Center, Department of Health, Human Performance and Recreation, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701, USA
Clinical Excellence Research Center, Department of Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
Computer science department, University of Toulouse, IRIT-INP-ENSEEIHT (UMR 5505), BP 7122, 31500 Toulouse, France
Faculty of Physical Education, Assiut University, Assiut 71515, Egypt
Institute for Sports and Sports Science, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie, 76131 Karlsruher, Germany
Department of Health Sciences and Kinesiology, Georgia Southern University, Statesboro, GA 30458, USA
PharmD, BCBS; PharmIAD, Inc, Savannah, GA 30458, USA
FundeSalud, Dept. of Health and Social Services, Government of Extremadura, 06800 Merida, Spain
The E-Senior Association, 75020 Paris, France
Department of Health Psychology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, 9712 Groningen, The Netherlands
Sports- and Rehabilitation Medicine, Ulm University Hospital, Leimgrubenweg 14, 89075 Ulm, Germany
Department of Exercise Science, Yarmouk University, Irbid 21163, Jordan
Faculty of Physical Education, The University of Jordan, 11942 Amman, Jordan
Digital Research Centre of Sfax, Sfax 3000, Tunisia
Laboratory of Neuropsychophysiology, Faculty of Psychology and Education Sciences, University of Porto, 4200-135 Porto, Portugal
Institute for Kinesiology Research, Science and Research Centre Koper, Garibaldijeva 1, 6000 Koper, Slovenia
Applied Technology for Neuro-Psychology Lab, I.R.C.C.S. Istituto Auxologico Italiano, 20149 Milan, Italy
School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough E11 3TU, UK
Interdisciplinary Laboratory in Neurosciences, Physiology and Psychology: Physical Activity, Health and Learning (LINP2-2APS), UFR STAPS, UPL, Paris Nanterre University, 92000 Nanterre, France
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Equally contributed as first authors.
Nutrients 2020, 12(6), 1583;
Received: 30 April 2020 / Revised: 22 May 2020 / Accepted: 25 May 2020 / Published: 28 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Eating Behaviors and Human Health)
Background: Public health recommendations and governmental measures during the COVID-19 pandemic have resulted in numerous restrictions on daily living including social distancing, isolation and home confinement. While these measures are imperative to abate the spreading of COVID-19, the impact of these restrictions on health behaviours and lifestyles at home is undefined. Therefore, an international online survey was launched in April 2020, in seven languages, to elucidate the behavioural and lifestyle consequences of COVID-19 restrictions. This report presents the results from the first thousand responders on physical activity (PA) and nutrition behaviours. Methods: Following a structured review of the literature, the “Effects of home Confinement on multiple Lifestyle Behaviours during the COVID-19 outbreak (ECLB-COVID19)” Electronic survey was designed by a steering group of multidisciplinary scientists and academics. The survey was uploaded and shared on the Google online survey platform. Thirty-five research organisations from Europe, North-Africa, Western Asia and the Americas promoted the survey in English, German, French, Arabic, Spanish, Portuguese and Slovenian languages. Questions were presented in a differential format, with questions related to responses “before” and “during” confinement conditions. Results: 1047 replies (54% women) from Asia (36%), Africa (40%), Europe (21%) and other (3%) were included in the analysis. The COVID-19 home confinement had a negative effect on all PA intensity levels (vigorous, moderate, walking and overall). Additionally, daily sitting time increased from 5 to 8 h per day. Food consumption and meal patterns (the type of food, eating out of control, snacks between meals, number of main meals) were more unhealthy during confinement, with only alcohol binge drinking decreasing significantly. Conclusion: While isolation is a necessary measure to protect public health, results indicate that it alters physical activity and eating behaviours in a health compromising direction. A more detailed analysis of survey data will allow for a segregation of these responses in different age groups, countries and other subgroups, which will help develop interventions to mitigate the negative lifestyle behaviours that have manifested during the COVID-19 confinement. View Full-Text
Keywords: pandemic; public health; physical activity; nutrition; COVID-19 pandemic; public health; physical activity; nutrition; COVID-19
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ammar, A.; Brach, M.; Trabelsi, K.; Chtourou, H.; Boukhris, O.; Masmoudi, L.; Bouaziz, B.; Bentlage, E.; How, D.; Ahmed, M.; Müller, P.; Müller, N.; Aloui, A.; Hammouda, O.; Paineiras-Domingos, L.L.; Braakman-Jansen, A.; Wrede, C.; Bastoni, S.; Pernambuco, C.S.; Mataruna, L.; Taheri, M.; Irandoust, K.; Khacharem, A.; Bragazzi, N.L.; Chamari, K.; Glenn, J.M.; Bott, N.T.; Gargouri, F.; Chaari, L.; Batatia, H.; Ali, G.M.; Abdelkarim, O.; Jarraya, M.; El Abed, K.; Souissi, N.; Van Gemert-Pijnen, L.; Riemann, B.L.; Riemann, L.; Moalla, W.; Gómez-Raja, J.; Epstein, M.; Sanderman, R.; Schulz, S.V.W.; Jerg, A.; Al-Horani, R.; Mansi, T.; Jmail, M.; Barbosa, F.; Ferreira-Santos, F.; Šimunič, B.; Pišot, R.; Gaggioli, A.; Bailey, S.J.; Steinacker, J.M.; Driss, T.; Hoekelmann, A.; On Behalf of the ECLB-COVID19 Consortium. Effects of COVID-19 Home Confinement on Eating Behaviour and Physical Activity: Results of the ECLB-COVID19 International Online Survey. Nutrients 2020, 12, 1583.

AMA Style

Ammar A, Brach M, Trabelsi K, Chtourou H, Boukhris O, Masmoudi L, Bouaziz B, Bentlage E, How D, Ahmed M, Müller P, Müller N, Aloui A, Hammouda O, Paineiras-Domingos LL, Braakman-Jansen A, Wrede C, Bastoni S, Pernambuco CS, Mataruna L, Taheri M, Irandoust K, Khacharem A, Bragazzi NL, Chamari K, Glenn JM, Bott NT, Gargouri F, Chaari L, Batatia H, Ali GM, Abdelkarim O, Jarraya M, El Abed K, Souissi N, Van Gemert-Pijnen L, Riemann BL, Riemann L, Moalla W, Gómez-Raja J, Epstein M, Sanderman R, Schulz SVW, Jerg A, Al-Horani R, Mansi T, Jmail M, Barbosa F, Ferreira-Santos F, Šimunič B, Pišot R, Gaggioli A, Bailey SJ, Steinacker JM, Driss T, Hoekelmann A, On Behalf of the ECLB-COVID19 Consortium. Effects of COVID-19 Home Confinement on Eating Behaviour and Physical Activity: Results of the ECLB-COVID19 International Online Survey. Nutrients. 2020; 12(6):1583.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ammar, Achraf, Michael Brach, Khaled Trabelsi, Hamdi Chtourou, Omar Boukhris, Liwa Masmoudi, Bassem Bouaziz, Ellen Bentlage, Daniella How, Mona Ahmed, Patrick Müller, Notger Müller, Asma Aloui, Omar Hammouda, Laisa L. Paineiras-Domingos, Annemarie Braakman-Jansen, Christian Wrede, Sofia Bastoni, Carlos S. Pernambuco, Leonardo Mataruna, Morteza Taheri, Khadijeh Irandoust, Aïmen Khacharem, Nicola L. Bragazzi, Karim Chamari, Jordan M. Glenn, Nicholas T. Bott, Faiez Gargouri, Lotfi Chaari, Hadj Batatia, Gamal M. Ali, Osama Abdelkarim, Mohamed Jarraya, Kais El Abed, Nizar Souissi, Lisette Van Gemert-Pijnen, Bryan L. Riemann, Laurel Riemann, Wassim Moalla, Jonathan Gómez-Raja, Monique Epstein, Robbert Sanderman, Sebastian V.W. Schulz, Achim Jerg, Ramzi Al-Horani, Taiysir Mansi, Mohamed Jmail, Fernando Barbosa, Fernando Ferreira-Santos, Boštjan Šimunič, Rado Pišot, Andrea Gaggioli, Stephen J. Bailey, Jürgen M. Steinacker, Tarak Driss, Anita Hoekelmann, and On Behalf of the ECLB-COVID19 Consortium. 2020. "Effects of COVID-19 Home Confinement on Eating Behaviour and Physical Activity: Results of the ECLB-COVID19 International Online Survey" Nutrients 12, no. 6: 1583.

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