Next Article in Journal
Sedum takesimense Protects PC12 Cells against Corticosterone-Induced Neurotoxicity by Inhibiting Neural Apoptosis
Next Article in Special Issue
Physical Activity and Low Glycemic Index Mediterranean Diet: Main and Modification Effects on NAFLD Score. Results from a Randomized Clinical Trial
Previous Article in Journal
Association of Red Meat Intake with the Risk of Cardiovascular Mortality in General Japanese Stratified by Kidney Function: NIPPON DATA80
Previous Article in Special Issue
A Comparison of Intermittent and Continuous Exercise Bouts at Different Intensities on Appetite and Postprandial Metabolic Responses in Healthy Men
Open AccessReview

Omega-3 Fatty Acids for Sport Performance—Are They Equally Beneficial for Athletes and Amateurs? A Narrative Review

1
Department of Health, Swiss Distance University of Applied Sciences, 8105 Regensdorf-Zürich, Switzerland
2
Thielecke Consultancy, Bettenstrasse 60a, 4123 Allschwil, Switzerland
3
Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences, School of Sport, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(12), 3712; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123712
Received: 27 October 2020 / Revised: 24 November 2020 / Accepted: 26 November 2020 / Published: 30 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition, Exercise and Human Health)
Omega-3 fatty acids, specifically eicosapentanoic acid (EPA, 20:5n-3) and docosahexanoic acid (DHA, 22:6n-3) are receiving increasing attention in sports nutrition. While the usual focus is that of athletes, questions remain if the different training status between athletes and amateurs influences the response to EPA/DHA, and as to whether amateurs would benefit from EPA/DHA supplementation. We critically examine the efficacy of EPA/DHA on performance, recovery and injury/reduced risk of illness in athletes as well as amateurs. Relevant studies conducted in amateurs will not only broaden the body of evidence but shed more light on the effects of EPA/DHA in professionally trained vs. amateur populations. Overall, studies of EPA/DHA supplementation in sport performance are few and research designs rather diverse. Several studies suggest a potentially beneficial effect of EPA/DHA on performance by improved endurance capacity and delayed onset of muscle soreness, as well as on markers related to enhanced recovery and immune modulation. The majority of these studies are conducted in amateurs. While the evidence seems to broadly support beneficial effects of EPA/DHA supplementation for athletes and more so in amateurs, strong conclusions and clear recommendations about the use of EPA/DHA supplementation are currently hampered by inconsistent translation into clinical endpoints. View Full-Text
Keywords: omega-3 fatty acids; sports nutrition; athletes; amateurs; performance; recovery; injury omega-3 fatty acids; sports nutrition; athletes; amateurs; performance; recovery; injury
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Thielecke, F.; Blannin, A. Omega-3 Fatty Acids for Sport Performance—Are They Equally Beneficial for Athletes and Amateurs? A Narrative Review. Nutrients 2020, 12, 3712. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123712

AMA Style

Thielecke F, Blannin A. Omega-3 Fatty Acids for Sport Performance—Are They Equally Beneficial for Athletes and Amateurs? A Narrative Review. Nutrients. 2020; 12(12):3712. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123712

Chicago/Turabian Style

Thielecke, Frank; Blannin, Andrew. 2020. "Omega-3 Fatty Acids for Sport Performance—Are They Equally Beneficial for Athletes and Amateurs? A Narrative Review" Nutrients 12, no. 12: 3712. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123712

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop