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Open AccessArticle

Maternal Decisions on Portion Size and Portion Control Strategies for Snacks in Preschool Children

School of Health and Related Research (ScHARR), University of Sheffield, Sheffield S1 4DA, UK
Population and Behavioural Sciences, School of Medicine, University of St Andrews, St Andrews KY16 9TF, UK
School of Psychology, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(12), 3009;
Received: 26 September 2019 / Revised: 29 November 2019 / Accepted: 4 December 2019 / Published: 9 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Portion Size Effect and Strategies for Portion Control)
Caregivers are responsible for the type and amount of food young children are served. However, it remains unclear what considerations caregivers make when serving snacks to children. The aim of the study was to explore mothers’ decisions and portion control strategies during snack preparation in the home environment. Forty mothers of children aged 24–48 months participated in the study. Mothers prepared five snack foods for themselves and their child whilst verbalizing their actions and thoughts. Mothers were then asked about their portion size decisions in a semi-structured interview. Transcripts were imported into NVivo and analyzed thematically. Three key themes were identified: (1) portion size considerations, (2) portion control methods, and (3) awareness and use of portion size recommendations. Transient, food-related situational influences influenced mothers and disrupted planning and portion control. Food packaging and dishware size were used as visual cues for portion control; however, these vary widely in their size, thus emphasizing mothers’ uncertainty regarding appropriate portion sizes. Mothers called for portion size information to be accessible, child-centered, and simple. These findings reveal multiple considerations when deciding on the correct snack portion sizes for children. These decisions are complex and vary across situations and time, and according to the types of snacks offered. View Full-Text
Keywords: portion size; preschool children; mothers; snacks; qualitative; think-aloud method portion size; preschool children; mothers; snacks; qualitative; think-aloud method
MDPI and ACS Style

Reale, S.; Marr, C.; Cecil, J.E.; Hetherington, M.M.; Caton, S.J. Maternal Decisions on Portion Size and Portion Control Strategies for Snacks in Preschool Children. Nutrients 2019, 11, 3009.

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