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Association between Adherence to the Japanese Food Guide Spinning Top and Sleep Quality in College Students

1
Graduate School of Food and Nutritional Sciences, Toyo University. 1-1-1, Izumino, Itakura-machi, Ora-gun, Gunma 374-0193, Japan
2
Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology, 35-2, Sakae-cho, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo 173-0015, Japan
3
Department of Nutritional and Health Sciences, Faculty of Food and Nutritional Sciences, Toyo University, 1-1-1, Izumino, Itakura-machi, Ora-gun, Gunma 374-0193, Japan
4
Department of Food and Life Sciences, Faculty of Food and Nutritional Sciences, Toyo University. 1-1-1, Izumino, Itakura-machi, Ora-gun, Gunma 374-0193, Japan
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2018, 10(12), 1996; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10121996
Received: 18 October 2018 / Revised: 12 December 2018 / Accepted: 14 December 2018 / Published: 16 December 2018
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Abstract

This study aimed to elucidate the association between adherence to the Japanese Food Guide Spinning Top (Food Guide score) and sleep quality in Japanese college students. We conducted a cross-sectional study of 175 Japanese college students aged 19–22 years in the eastern part of Gunma Prefecture to examine the association between the Food Guide score and sleep quality. A self-administered diet history questionnaire and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index were used to assess habitual dietary intake and sleep quality, respectively. In the fully adjusted model, the odds ratios for poor sleep quality in the middle and highest tertile categories of the Food Guide score were 0.50 (95% confidence interval, 0.18–1.37) and 0.30 (95% confidence interval, 0.11–0.84), respectively, compared with those in the lowest tertile category (p for trend = 0.033). A well-balanced diet may be associated with good sleep quality in Japanese college students. View Full-Text
Keywords: food guide score; sleep quality; college student food guide score; sleep quality; college student
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Yamamoto, K.; Ota, M.; Minematsu, A.; Motokawa, K.; Yokoyama, Y.; Yano, T.; Watanabe, Y.; Yoshizaki, T. Association between Adherence to the Japanese Food Guide Spinning Top and Sleep Quality in College Students. Nutrients 2018, 10, 1996.

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