In an effort to detect the region-of-interest (ROI) of remote sensing images with complex data distributions, sparse representation based on dictionary learning has been utilized, and has proved able to process high dimensional data adaptively and efficiently. In this paper, a visual attention model uniting hyperparameter sparse representation with energy distribution optimization is proposed for analyzing saliency and detecting ROIs in remote sensing images. A dictionary learning algorithm based on biological plausibility is adopted to generate the sparse feature space. This method only focuses on finite features, instead of various considerations of feature complexity and massive parameter tuning in other dictionary learning algorithms. In another portion of the model, aimed at obtaining the saliency map, the contribution of each feature is evaluated in a sparse feature space and the coding length of each feature is accumulated. Finally, we calculate the segmentation threshold using the saliency map and obtain the binary mask to separate the ROI from the original images. Experimental results show that the proposed model achieves better performance in saliency analysis and ROI detection for remote sensing images.
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