A Hyperspectral Imaging Approach to White Matter Hyperintensities Detection in Brain Magnetic Resonance Images
AbstractWhite matter hyperintensities (WMHs) are closely related to various geriatric disorders including cerebrovascular diseases, cardiovascular diseases, dementia, and psychiatric disorders of elderly people, and can be generally detected on T2 weighted (T2W) or fluid attenuation inversion recovery (FLAIR) brain magnetic resonance (MR) images. This paper develops a new approach to detect WMH in MR brain images from a hyperspectral imaging perspective. To take advantage of hyperspectral imaging, a nonlinear band expansion (NBE) process is proposed to expand MR images to a hyperspectral image. It then redesigns the well-known hyperspectral subpixel target detection, called constrained energy minimization (CEM), as an iterative version of CEM (ICEM) for WMH detection. Its idea is to implement CEM iteratively by feeding back Gaussian filtered CEM-detection maps to capture spatial information. To show effectiveness of NBE-ICEM in WMH detection, the lesion segmentation tool (LST), which is an open source toolbox for statistical parametric mapping (SPM), is used for comparative study. For quantitative analysis, the synthetic images in BrainWeb provided by McGill University are used for experiments where our proposed NBE-ICEM performs better than LST in all cases, especially for noisy MR images. As for real images collected by Taichung Veterans General Hospital, the NBE-ICEM also shows its advantages over and superiority to LST. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Chen, H.-M.; Wang, H.C.; Chai, J.-W.; Chen, C.-C.C.; Xue, B.; Wang, L.; Yu, C.; Wang, Y.; Song, M.; Chang, C.-I. A Hyperspectral Imaging Approach to White Matter Hyperintensities Detection in Brain Magnetic Resonance Images. Remote Sens. 2017, 9, 1174.
Chen H-M, Wang HC, Chai J-W, Chen C-CC, Xue B, Wang L, Yu C, Wang Y, Song M, Chang C-I. A Hyperspectral Imaging Approach to White Matter Hyperintensities Detection in Brain Magnetic Resonance Images. Remote Sensing. 2017; 9(11):1174.Chicago/Turabian Style
Chen, Hsian-Min; Wang, Hsin C.; Chai, Jyh-Wen; Chen, Chi-Chang C.; Xue, Bai; Wang, Lin; Yu, Chunyan; Wang, Yulei; Song, Meiping; Chang, Chein-I. 2017. "A Hyperspectral Imaging Approach to White Matter Hyperintensities Detection in Brain Magnetic Resonance Images." Remote Sens. 9, no. 11: 1174.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.