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Article

Integration of Satellite Precipitation Data and Deep Learning for Improving Flash Flood Simulation in a Poor-Gauged Mountainous Catchment

State Key Laboratory of Hydraulics and Mountain River Engineering, College of Water Resource and Hydropower, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China
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Academic Editor: Qiuhong Tang
Remote Sens. 2021, 13(24), 5083; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs13245083
Received: 10 November 2021 / Revised: 11 December 2021 / Accepted: 12 December 2021 / Published: 14 December 2021
Satellite remote sensing precipitation is useful for many hydrological and meteorological applications such as rainfall-runoff forecasting. However, most studies have focused on the use of satellite precipitation on daily, monthly, or larger time scales. This study focused on flash flood simulation using satellite precipitation products (IMERG) on an hourly scale in a poorly gauged mountainous catchment in southwestern China. Deep learning (long short-term memory, LSTM) was used, merging satellite precipitation and gauge observations, and the merged precipitation data were used as inputs for flood simulation based on the HEC-HMS model, compared with the gauged precipitation data and original IMERG data. The results showed that the application of original IMERG data used directly in the HEC-HMS hydrological model had much lower accuracy than that of gauged data and merged data. The simulation using the merged precipitation in HEC-HMS exhibited much better performances than gauged data. The mean NSE improved from 0.84 to 0.87 for calibration and 0.80 to 0.84 for verification, while the lower NSE improved from 0.81 to 0.84 for calibration and 0.73 to 0.86 for verification, which showed that accuracy and robustness were both significantly improved. Results of this study indicate the advances of remote sensing precipitation with deep learning for flash flood forecasting in mountainous regions. It is likely that more significant improvements can be made in flash flood forecasting by employing multi-source remote sensing products and deep learning merging methods considering the impact of complex terrain. View Full-Text
Keywords: IMERG; satellite precipitation; flash flood forecasting; HEC-HMS; deep learning IMERG; satellite precipitation; flash flood forecasting; HEC-HMS; deep learning
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tang, X.; Yin, Z.; Qin, G.; Guo, L.; Li, H. Integration of Satellite Precipitation Data and Deep Learning for Improving Flash Flood Simulation in a Poor-Gauged Mountainous Catchment. Remote Sens. 2021, 13, 5083. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs13245083

AMA Style

Tang X, Yin Z, Qin G, Guo L, Li H. Integration of Satellite Precipitation Data and Deep Learning for Improving Flash Flood Simulation in a Poor-Gauged Mountainous Catchment. Remote Sensing. 2021; 13(24):5083. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs13245083

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tang, Xuan, Zhaorui Yin, Guanghua Qin, Li Guo, and Hongxia Li. 2021. "Integration of Satellite Precipitation Data and Deep Learning for Improving Flash Flood Simulation in a Poor-Gauged Mountainous Catchment" Remote Sensing 13, no. 24: 5083. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs13245083

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