Vertical Structures of Dust Aerosols over East Asia Based on CALIPSO Retrievals
AbstractThe spatiotemporal and especially the vertical distributions of dust aerosols play crucial roles in the climatic effect of dust aerosol. In the present study, the spatial-temporal distribution of dust aerosols over East Asia was investigated using Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations (CALIPSO) retrievals (01/2007–12/2011) from the perspective of the frequency of dust occurrence (FDO), dust top layer height (TH) and profile of aerosol subtypes. The results showed that a typical dust belt was generated from the dust source regions (the Taklimakan and Gobi Deserts), in the latitude range of 25°N~45°N and reaching eastern China, Japan and Korea and, eventually, the Pacific Ocean. High dust frequencies were found over the dust source regions, with a seasonal sequence from high to low as follows: spring, summer, autumn and winter. Vertically, FDOs peaked at about 2 km over the dust source regions. In contrast, FDOs decreased with altitude over the downwind regions. On the dust belt from dust source regions to downwind regions, the dust top height (TH) was getting higher and higher. The dust TH varied in the range of 1.9–3.1 km above surface elevation (a.s.e.), with high values over the dust source regions and low values in the downwind areas, and a seasonally descending sequence of summer, spring, autumn and winter in accord with the seasonal variation of the boundary layer height. The annual AOD (Aerosol Optical Depth) was generally characterized by two high and two low AOD centers over East Asia. The percent contribution of the Dust Aerosol Optical Depth to the total AOD showed a seasonal variation from high to low as follows: spring, winter, autumn and summer. The vertical profile of the extinction coefficient revealed the predominance of pure dust particles in the dust source regions and a mixture of dust particles and pollutants in the downwind regions. The dust extinction coefficients over the Taklimakan Desert had a seasonal pattern from high to low as follows: spring, winter, summer and autumn. The results of the present study offered an understanding of the horizontal and vertical structures of dust aerosols over East Asia and can be used to evaluate the performance aerosol transport models. View Full-Text
- Supplementary File 1:
PDF-Document (PDF, 1891 KB)
Share & Cite This Article
Liu, D.; Zhao, T.; Boiyo, R.; Chen, S.; Lu, Z.; Wu, Y.; Zhao, Y. Vertical Structures of Dust Aerosols over East Asia Based on CALIPSO Retrievals. Remote Sens. 2019, 11, 701.
Liu D, Zhao T, Boiyo R, Chen S, Lu Z, Wu Y, Zhao Y. Vertical Structures of Dust Aerosols over East Asia Based on CALIPSO Retrievals. Remote Sensing. 2019; 11(6):701.Chicago/Turabian Style
Liu, Di; Zhao, Tianliang; Boiyo, Richard; Chen, Siyu; Lu, Zhengqi; Wu, Yan; Zhao, Yang. 2019. "Vertical Structures of Dust Aerosols over East Asia Based on CALIPSO Retrievals." Remote Sens. 11, no. 6: 701.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.