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Open AccessArticle

3D GPR Image-based UcNet for Enhancing Underground Cavity Detectability

1
Department of Architectural Engineering, Sejong University, Seoul 05006, Korea
2
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Sejong University, Seoul 05006, Korea
3
Research Institute for Infrastructure Performance, KISTEC, Jinju 52856, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Remote Sens. 2019, 11(21), 2545; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs11212545
Received: 1 October 2019 / Revised: 21 October 2019 / Accepted: 26 October 2019 / Published: 29 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Radar and Sonar Imaging and Processing)
This paper proposes a 3D ground penetrating radar (GPR) image-based underground cavity detection network (UcNet) for preventing sinkholes in complex urban roads. UcNet is developed based on convolutional neural network (CNN) incorporated with phase analysis of super-resolution (SR) GPR images. CNNs have been popularly used for automated GPR data classification, because expert-dependent data interpretation of massive GPR data obtained from urban roads is typically cumbersome and time consuming. However, the conventional CNNs often provide misclassification results due to similar GPR features automatically extracted from arbitrary underground objects such as cavities, manholes, gravels, subsoil backgrounds and so on. In particular, non-cavity features are often misclassified as real cavities, which degrades the CNNs’ performance and reliability. UcNet improves underground cavity detectability by generating SR GPR images of the cavities extracted from CNN and analyzing their phase information. The proposed UcNet is experimentally validated using in-situ GPR data collected from complex urban roads in Seoul, South Korea. The validation test results reveal that the underground cavity misclassification is remarkably decreased compared to the conventional CNN ones. View Full-Text
Keywords: ground penetrating radar; underground cavity detection network; deep convolutional neural network; automated underground object classification; phase analysis; super-resolution ground penetrating radar; underground cavity detection network; deep convolutional neural network; automated underground object classification; phase analysis; super-resolution
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kang, M.-S.; Kim, N.; Im, S.B.; Lee, J.-J.; An, Y.-K. 3D GPR Image-based UcNet for Enhancing Underground Cavity Detectability. Remote Sens. 2019, 11, 2545.

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