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Open AccessArticle

Error Budget in the Validation of Radiometric Products Derived from OLCI around the China Sea from Open Ocean to Coastal Waters Compared with MODIS and VIIRS

1
National Ocean Technology Center, State Oceanic Administration, Tianjin 300112, China
2
Univ. Littoral Cote d’Opale, Univ. Lille, CNRS, UMR 8187, LOG, Laboratoire d’Océanologie et de Géosciences, 62930 Wimereux, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Remote Sens. 2019, 11(20), 2400; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs11202400
Received: 5 August 2019 / Revised: 24 September 2019 / Accepted: 10 October 2019 / Published: 16 October 2019
The accuracy of remote-sensing reflectance ( R r s ) estimated from ocean color imagery through the atmospheric correction step is essential in conducting quantitative estimates of the inherent optical properties and biogeochemical parameters of seawater. Therefore, finding the main source of error is the first step toward improving the accuracy of R r s . However, the classic validation exercises provide only the total error of the retrieved R r s . They do not reveal the error sources. Moreover, how to effectively improve this satellite algorithm remains unknown. To better understand and improve various aspects of the satellite atmospheric correction algorithm, the error budget in the validation is required. Here, to find the primary error source from the OLCI R r s , we evaluated the OLCI R r s product with in-situ data around the China Sea from open ocean to coastal waters and compared them with the MODIS-AQUA and VIIRS products. The results show that the performances of OLCI are comparable to those MODIS-AQUA. The average percentage difference (APD) in R r s is lowest at 490 nm (18%), and highest at 754 nm (79%). A more detailed analysis reveals that open ocean and coastal waters show opposite results: compared to coastal waters the satellite R r s in open seas are higher than the in-situ measured values. An error budget for the three satellite-derived R r s products is presented, showing that the primary error source in the China Sea was the aerosol estimation and the error on the Rayleigh-corrected radiance for OLCI, as well as for MODIS and VIIRS. This work suggests that to improve the accuracy of Sentinel-3A in the coastal waters of China, the accuracy of aerosol estimation in atmospheric correction must be improved. View Full-Text
Keywords: OLCI; MODIS; VIIRS; remote-sensing reflectance (Rrs); error budget; China Sea OLCI; MODIS; VIIRS; remote-sensing reflectance (Rrs); error budget; China Sea
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MDPI and ACS Style

Li, J.; Jamet, C.; Zhu, J.; Han, B.; Li, T.; Yang, A.; Guo, K.; Jia, D. Error Budget in the Validation of Radiometric Products Derived from OLCI around the China Sea from Open Ocean to Coastal Waters Compared with MODIS and VIIRS. Remote Sens. 2019, 11, 2400.

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