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Fine-Resolution Population Mapping from International Space Station Nighttime Photography and Multisource Social Sensing Data Based on Similarity Matching

1,2, 1,2,* and 3,4,5
1
State Key Lab for Information Engineering in Surveying, Mapping and Remote Sensing, Wuhan University, 129 Luoyu Road, Wuhan 430079, China
2
Collaborative Innovation Center of Geospatial Technology, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079, China
3
Research Institute for Smart Cities, School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518061, China
4
Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Spatial Information Smart Sensing and Services, Shenzhen 518061, China
5
Guangdong Key Laboratory of Urban Informatics, Shenzhen 518061, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Remote Sens. 2019, 11(16), 1900; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs11161900
Received: 26 July 2019 / Revised: 12 August 2019 / Accepted: 13 August 2019 / Published: 14 August 2019
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Abstract

Previous studies have attempted to disaggregate census data into fine resolution with multisource remote sensing data considering the importance of fine-resolution population distribution in urban planning, environmental protection, resource allocation, and social economy. However, the lack of direct human activity information invariably restricts the accuracy of population mapping and reduces the credibility of the mapping process even when external facility distribution information is adopted. To address these problems, the present study proposed a novel population mapping method by combining International Space Station (ISS) photography nighttime light data, point of interest (POI) data, and location-based social media data. A similarity matching model, consisting of semantic and distance matching models, was established to integrate POI and social media data. Effective information was extracted from the integrated data through principal component analysis and then used along with road density information to train the random forest (RF) model. A comparison with WordPop data proved that our method can generate fine-resolution population distribution with higher accuracy ( R 2 = 0.91 ) than those of previous studies ( R 2 = 0.55 ). To illustrate the advantages of our method, we highlighted the limitations of previous methods that ignore social media data in handling residential regions with similar light intensity. We also discussed the performance of our method in adopting social media data, considering their characteristics, with different volumes and acquisition times. Results showed that social media data acquired between 19:00 and 8:00 with a volume of approximately 300,000 will help our method realize high accuracy with low computation burden. This study showed the great potential of combining social sensing data for disaggregating fine-resolution population. View Full-Text
Keywords: population mapping; ISS photography; point of interest data; location-based social media data; semantic matching; distance matching population mapping; ISS photography; point of interest data; location-based social media data; semantic matching; distance matching
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Wang, L.; Fan, H.; Wang, Y. Fine-Resolution Population Mapping from International Space Station Nighttime Photography and Multisource Social Sensing Data Based on Similarity Matching. Remote Sens. 2019, 11, 1900.

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