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Open AccessArticle

Towards Automated Ship Detection and Category Recognition from High-Resolution Aerial Images

1,2,3, 1,2, 1,2,*, 1,2 and 1,2
1
Institute of Electronics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
2
Key Laboratory of Network Information System Technology (NIST), Institute of Electronics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
3
School of Electronic, Electrical and Communication Engineering, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Remote Sens. 2019, 11(16), 1901; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs11161901
Received: 25 July 2019 / Accepted: 7 August 2019 / Published: 14 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Convolutional Neural Networks Applications in Remote Sensing)
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PDF [8353 KB, uploaded 16 August 2019]
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Abstract

Ship category classification in high-resolution aerial images has attracted great interest in applications such as maritime security, naval construction, and port management. However, the applications of previous methods were mainly limited by the following issues: (i) The existing ship category classification methods were mainly to classify on accurately-cropped image patches. This is unsatisfactory for the results of the existing methods in practical applications, because the location of the ship in the patch obtained by the object detection varies greatly. (ii) The factors such as target scale variations and class imbalance have a great influence on the performance of ship category classification. Aiming at the issues above, we propose a novel ship detection and category classification framework. The category classification is based on accurate location. The detection network can generate more precise rotated bounding boxes in large-scale aerial images by introducing a novel Sequence Local Context (SLC) module. Besides, three different ship category classification networks are proposed to eliminate the effect of scale variations, and the Spatial Transform Crop (STC) operation is used to get aligned image patches. Whatever the problem of insufficient samples or class imbalance have, the Proposals Simulation Generator (PSG) is considered to handle this properly. Most remarkably, the state-of-the-art performance of our framework is demonstrated by experiments based on the 19-class ship dataset HRSC2016 and our multiclass warship dataset. View Full-Text
Keywords: high-resolution aerial images; convolution neural network; ship detection; rotation region; ship category classification high-resolution aerial images; convolution neural network; ship detection; rotation region; ship category classification
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Feng, Y.; Diao, W.; Sun, X.; Yan, M.; Gao, X. Towards Automated Ship Detection and Category Recognition from High-Resolution Aerial Images. Remote Sens. 2019, 11, 1901.

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