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Open AccessCommunication

Remotely Sensed Vegetation Indices to Discriminate Field-Grown Olive Cultivars

1
Trees and Timber Institute (IVALSA), National Research Council (CNR), Via P. Gaifami, 18, 95126 Catania, Italy
2
Institute of Biometeorology (IBIMET), National Research Council (CNR), Via Caproni 8, 50145 Florence, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Remote Sens. 2019, 11(10), 1242; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs11101242
Received: 2 May 2019 / Revised: 22 May 2019 / Accepted: 23 May 2019 / Published: 24 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Remote Sensing for Agroforestry)
The application of spectral sensors mounted on unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) assures high spatial and temporal resolutions. This research focused on canopy reflectance for cultivar recognition in an olive grove. The ability in cultivar recognition of 14 vegetation indices (VIs) calculated from reflectance patterns (green520–600, red630–690 and near-infrared760–900 bands) and an image segmentation process was evaluated on an open-field olive grove with 10 different scion/rootstock combinations (two scions by five rootstocks). Univariate (ANOVA) and multivariate (principal components analysis—PCA and linear discriminant analysis—LDA) statistical approaches were applied. The efficacy of VIs in scion recognition emerged clearly from all the approaches applied, whereas discrimination between rootstocks appeared unclear. The results of LDA ascertained the efficacy of VI application to discriminate between scions with an accuracy of 90.9%, whereas recognition of rootstocks failed in more than 68.2% of cases. View Full-Text
Keywords: Olea europaea L., canopy; precision agriculture; unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), vegetation indices (VIs), cultivar recognition Olea europaea L., canopy; precision agriculture; unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), vegetation indices (VIs), cultivar recognition
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MDPI and ACS Style

Avola, G.; Di Gennaro, S.F.; Cantini, C.; Riggi, E.; Muratore, F.; Tornambè, C.; Matese, A. Remotely Sensed Vegetation Indices to Discriminate Field-Grown Olive Cultivars. Remote Sens. 2019, 11, 1242.

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