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An Effective Classification Scheme for Hyperspectral Image Based on Superpixel and Discontinuity Preserving Relaxation

College of Urban and Environment, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, China
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Remote Sens. 2019, 11(10), 1149; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs11101149
Received: 9 April 2019 / Revised: 6 May 2019 / Accepted: 6 May 2019 / Published: 14 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Remote Sensing Image Processing)
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Abstract

Hyperspectral image (HSI) classification is one of the most active topics in remote sensing. However, it is still a nontrivial task to classify the hyperspectral data accurately, since HSI always suffers from a large number of noise pixels, the complexity of the spatial structure of objects and the spectral similarity between different objects. In this study, an effective classification scheme for hyperspectral image based on superpixel and discontinuity preserving relaxation (DPR) is proposed to discriminate land covers of interest. A novel technique for measuring the similarity of a pair of pixels in HSI is suggested to improve the simple linear iterative clustering (SLIC) algorithm. Unlike the existing application of SLIC technique to HSI, the improved SLIC algorithm can be directly used to segment HSI into superpixels without using principal component analysis in advance, and is free of parameters. Furthermore, the proposed three-step classification scheme explores how to effectively use the global spectral information and local spatial structure of hyperspectral data for HSI classification. Compared with the existing two-step classification framework, the use of DPR technology in preprocessing significantly improves the classification accuracy. The effectiveness of the proposed method is verified on three public real hyperspectral datasets. The comparison results of several competitive methods show the superiority of this scheme. View Full-Text
Keywords: Hyperspectral image; improved SLIC; superpixel; discontinuity preserving relaxation; classification Hyperspectral image; improved SLIC; superpixel; discontinuity preserving relaxation; classification
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Xie, F.; Lei, C.; Yang, J.; Jin, C. An Effective Classification Scheme for Hyperspectral Image Based on Superpixel and Discontinuity Preserving Relaxation. Remote Sens. 2019, 11, 1149.

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