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Remote Sens. 2018, 10(6), 809; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs10060809

Time-Series Multispectral Indices from Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Imagery Reveal Senescence Rate in Bread Wheat

1
Institute of Crop Sciences, National Wheat Improvement Centre, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS), Beijing 100081, China
2
College of Agronomy, Xinjiang Agricultural University, Urumqi 830052, China
3
International Maize and Wheat Improvement Centre (CIMMYT) China Office, c/o CAAS, Beijing 100081, China
4
INRA, UMR-EMMAH, UMT-CAPTE, UAPV, 228 Route de l’aérodrome CS 40509, 84914 Avignon, France
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 April 2018 / Revised: 19 May 2018 / Accepted: 21 May 2018 / Published: 23 May 2018
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Abstract

Detection of senescence’s dynamics in crop breeding is time consuming and needs considerable details regarding its rate of progression and intensity. Normalized difference red-edge index (NDREI) along with four other spectral vegetative indices (SVIs) derived from unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) based spatial imagery, were evaluated for rapid and accurate prediction of senescence. For this, 32 selected winter wheat genotypes were planted under full and limited irrigation treatments. Significant variations for all five SVIs: green normalize difference vegetation index (GNDVI), simple ratio (SR), green chlorophyll index (GCI), red-edge chlorophyll index (RECI), and normalized difference red-edge index (NDREI) among genotypes and between treatments, were observed from heading to late grain filling stages. The SVIs showed strong relationship (R2 = 0.69 to 0.78) with handheld measurements of chlorophyll and leaf area index (LAI), while negatively correlated (R2 = 0.75 to 0.77) with canopy temperature (CT) across the treatments. NDREI as a new SVI showed higher correlations with ground data under both treatments, similarly as exhibited by other four SVIs. There were medium to strong correlations (r = 0.23–0.63) among SVIs, thousand grain weight (TGW) and grain yield (GY) under both treatments. Senescence rate was calculated by decreasing values of SVIs from their peak values at heading stage, while variance for senescence rate among genotypes and between treatments could be explained by SVIs variations. Under limited irrigation, 10% to 15% higher senescence rate was detected as compared with full irrigation. Principle component analysis corroborated the negative association of high senescence rate with TGW and GY. Some genotypes, such as Beijing 0045, Nongda 5181, and Zhongmai 175, were selected with low senescence rate, stable TGW and GY in both full and limited irrigation treatments, nearly in accordance with the actual performance of these cultivars in field. Thus, SVIs derived from UAV appeared as a promising tool for rapid and precise estimation of senescence rate at maturation stages. View Full-Text
Keywords: bread wheat; SVIs; senescence rate; UAV; yield stability bread wheat; SVIs; senescence rate; UAV; yield stability
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Hassan, M.A.; Yang, M.; Rasheed, A.; Jin, X.; Xia, X.; Xiao, Y.; He, Z. Time-Series Multispectral Indices from Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Imagery Reveal Senescence Rate in Bread Wheat. Remote Sens. 2018, 10, 809.

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