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Open AccessArticle

Energy Sustainability Evaluation Model Based on the Matter-Element Extension Method: A Case Study of Shandong Province, China

by 1 and 1,2,*
1
School of Economic and Management, China University of Petroleum (East China), Qingdao 266580, China
2
School of Management and Economics, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 10081, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2017, 9(11), 2128; https://doi.org/10.3390/su9112128
Received: 23 October 2017 / Revised: 16 November 2017 / Accepted: 16 November 2017 / Published: 18 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Energy Sustainability)
Energy sustainability is of vital importance to regional sustainability, because energy sustainability is closely related to both regional economic growth and social stability. The existing energy sustainability evaluation methods lack a unified system to determine the relevant influencing factors, are relatively weak in quantitative analysis, and do not fully describe the ‘paradoxical’ characteristics of energy sustainability. To solve those problems and to reasonably and objectively evaluate energy sustainability, we propose an energy sustainability evaluation model based on the matter-element extension method. We first select energy sustainability evaluation indexes based on previous research and experience. Then, a variation coefficient method is used to determine the weights of these indexes. Finally, the study establishes the classical domain, joint domain, and the matter-element relationship to evaluate energy sustainability through matter-element extension. Data from Shandong Province is used as a case study to evaluate the region’s energy sustainability. The case study shows that the proposed energy sustainability evaluation model, based on the matter-element extension method, can effectively evaluate regional energy sustainability. View Full-Text
Keywords: matter-element extension; energy sustainability; variation coefficient; model matter-element extension; energy sustainability; variation coefficient; model
MDPI and ACS Style

Li, S.; Li, R. Energy Sustainability Evaluation Model Based on the Matter-Element Extension Method: A Case Study of Shandong Province, China. Sustainability 2017, 9, 2128.

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