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Article

An Intelligent Visualisation Tool to Analyse the Sustainability of Road Transportation

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Departamento de Ingeniería de Organización, Escuela Politécnica Superior, Universidad de Burgos, Av. Cantabria S/N, 09006 Burgos, Spain
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Grupo de Inteligencia Computacional Aplicada-GICAP, Departamento de Ingeniería Informática, Escuela Politécnica Superior, Universidad de Burgos, Av. Cantabria S/N, 09006 Burgos, Spain
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Departamento de Economía y Administración de Empresas, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Universidad de Burgos, Pza. de la Infanta Dª. Elena, S/N, 09001 Burgos, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marc A. Rosen
Sustainability 2022, 14(2), 777; https://doi.org/10.3390/su14020777
Received: 7 October 2021 / Revised: 7 December 2021 / Accepted: 7 January 2022 / Published: 11 January 2022
Road transport is an integral part of economic activity and is therefore essential for its development. On the downside, it accounts for 30% of the world’s GHG emissions, almost a third of which correspond to the transport of freight in heavy goods vehicles by road. Additionally, means of transport are still evolving technically and are subject to ever more demanding regulations, which aim to reduce their emissions. In order to analyse the sustainability of this activity, this study proposes the application of novel Artificial Intelligence techniques (more specifically, Machine Learning). In this research, the use of Hybrid Unsupervised Exploratory Plots is broadened with new Exploratory Projection Pursuit techniques. These, together with clustering techniques, form an intelligent visualisation tool that allows knowledge to be obtained from a previously unknown dataset. The proposal is tested with a large dataset from the official survey for road transport in Spain, which was conducted over a period of 7 years. The results obtained are interesting and provide encouraging evidence for the use of this tool as a means of intelligent analysis on the subject of developments in the sustainability of road transportation. View Full-Text
Keywords: artificial intelligence; unsupervised machine learning; exploratory projection pursuit; clustering; road transportation; transport sustainability; age of transport means artificial intelligence; unsupervised machine learning; exploratory projection pursuit; clustering; road transportation; transport sustainability; age of transport means
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MDPI and ACS Style

Alonso de Armiño, C.; Urda, D.; Alcalde, R.; García, S.; Herrero, Á. An Intelligent Visualisation Tool to Analyse the Sustainability of Road Transportation. Sustainability 2022, 14, 777. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14020777

AMA Style

Alonso de Armiño C, Urda D, Alcalde R, García S, Herrero Á. An Intelligent Visualisation Tool to Analyse the Sustainability of Road Transportation. Sustainability. 2022; 14(2):777. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14020777

Chicago/Turabian Style

Alonso de Armiño, Carlos, Daniel Urda, Roberto Alcalde, Santiago García, and Álvaro Herrero. 2022. "An Intelligent Visualisation Tool to Analyse the Sustainability of Road Transportation" Sustainability 14, no. 2: 777. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14020777

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