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Article

The Impact of On-Demand Collective Transport Services on Sustainability: A Comparison of Various Service Options in a Rural and an Urban Area of Switzerland

Institute of Tourism and Mobility ITM, Lucerne School of Business, Lucerne University of Applied Sciences and Arts, 6002 Lucerne, Switzerland
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Academic Editors: Francesco Domenico Moccia and Alessandro Sgobbo
Sustainability 2021, 13(6), 3091; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13063091
Received: 5 February 2021 / Revised: 3 March 2021 / Accepted: 8 March 2021 / Published: 11 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Public Transport Integration, Urban Density and Sustainability)
This study examines the effects of on-demand mobility services on sustainability in terms of emissions and traffic volume. According to our simulations, implementing on-demand mobility services is recommendable only as a supplement to public transport in both urban and rural regions since there are positive effects in terms of CO2 emissions. However, in urban areas, there is a negative impact on the traffic volume in terms of additional vehicle kilometres since the bundled public transport demand is replaced by less bundled on-demand vehicles. In rural areas, the increase in vehicle kilometres plays less of a role due to generally low demand. The negative effects per vehicle kilometre are slightly higher in rural areas due to higher empty kilometres and lower bundling rates, but the negative effects per km2 in dense cities are much more serious. Authorities need to consider these effects according to the spatial context when implementing such services. View Full-Text
Keywords: on-demand mobility; collective transport services; public transport; sustainability; traffic volume; emissions on-demand mobility; collective transport services; public transport; sustainability; traffic volume; emissions
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MDPI and ACS Style

Dang, L.; von Arx, W.; Frölicher, J. The Impact of On-Demand Collective Transport Services on Sustainability: A Comparison of Various Service Options in a Rural and an Urban Area of Switzerland. Sustainability 2021, 13, 3091. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13063091

AMA Style

Dang L, von Arx W, Frölicher J. The Impact of On-Demand Collective Transport Services on Sustainability: A Comparison of Various Service Options in a Rural and an Urban Area of Switzerland. Sustainability. 2021; 13(6):3091. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13063091

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dang, Lisa, Widar von Arx, and Jonas Frölicher. 2021. "The Impact of On-Demand Collective Transport Services on Sustainability: A Comparison of Various Service Options in a Rural and an Urban Area of Switzerland" Sustainability 13, no. 6: 3091. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13063091

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