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Article

Does Air Pollution Decrease Labor Supply of the Rural Middle-Aged and Elderly?

1
College of Economics and Management, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China
2
Department of Agricultural Economics, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Nicholas A. Ashford
Sustainability 2021, 13(5), 2906; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13052906
Received: 31 December 2020 / Revised: 25 February 2021 / Accepted: 28 February 2021 / Published: 8 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Economic and Business Aspects of Sustainability)
This paper investigates the impact of air pollution on the labor supply of the middle-aged and elderly in rural China. The results suggest that exposure to high concentrations of PM2.5 has detrimental effects on working hours of the middle-aged and elderly. We further demonstrate the heterogeneous effects of PM2.5 by income and geographic regions. In particular, people with vulnerable economic conditions are more likely than others to reduce their labor hours due to PM2.5 exposure. Moreover, higher PM2.5 levels affected people in Central and Northeastern China more significantly than those in other regions. View Full-Text
Keywords: air pollution; PM2.5; labor supply; rural China; middle-aged; elderly air pollution; PM2.5; labor supply; rural China; middle-aged; elderly
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MDPI and ACS Style

Huang, Q.; Zhang, Y.Y.; Chen, Q.; Ning, M. Does Air Pollution Decrease Labor Supply of the Rural Middle-Aged and Elderly? Sustainability 2021, 13, 2906. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13052906

AMA Style

Huang Q, Zhang YY, Chen Q, Ning M. Does Air Pollution Decrease Labor Supply of the Rural Middle-Aged and Elderly? Sustainability. 2021; 13(5):2906. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13052906

Chicago/Turabian Style

Huang, Qiaolong, Yu Y. Zhang, Qin Chen, and Manxiu Ning. 2021. "Does Air Pollution Decrease Labor Supply of the Rural Middle-Aged and Elderly?" Sustainability 13, no. 5: 2906. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13052906

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