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Article

Social Sustainability on Corporate Boards: The Effects of Female Family Members on R&D

1
Business Management Department, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, 43003 Tarragona, Spain
2
Department of Private, Procedural and Financial Law, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, 43003 Tarragona, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Roberta Costa
Sustainability 2021, 13(4), 1982; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13041982
Received: 22 January 2021 / Revised: 2 February 2021 / Accepted: 8 February 2021 / Published: 12 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Gender in Sustainable Innovation)
There is growing institutional and social pressure for greater balance, parity, and equality at the highest levels of corporations. This is coupled with an increasing interest in analysing the effects of gender diversity on corporate boards. However, companies may only reap the benefits of gender diversity by achieving better qualified and more independent boards. This study aims to contribute to the open debate on the effects of board gender diversity on R&D, by taking into account the independence of female directors. Panel regression analyses were performed with data for 67 Spanish-listed companies during the 2003–2019 period. Our results confirm the positive effects of gender diversity on R&D. However, this positive influence is lower if female directors have family links with male members on the board. These findings have policy implications, regarding the need to increase gender equality in corporate boards for social and sustainability purposes, while the benefits are conditioned by the independence of female directors. The value of this research rests on the study of the effects, beyond the mere analysis of financial performance of the gender diversity of boards. View Full-Text
Keywords: corporate boards; female family members; gender diversity; innovation; R& D; social sustainability corporate boards; female family members; gender diversity; innovation; R& D; social sustainability
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hernández-Lara, A.B.; Gonzales-Bustos, J.P.; Alarcón-Alarcón, A. Social Sustainability on Corporate Boards: The Effects of Female Family Members on R&D. Sustainability 2021, 13, 1982. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13041982

AMA Style

Hernández-Lara AB, Gonzales-Bustos JP, Alarcón-Alarcón A. Social Sustainability on Corporate Boards: The Effects of Female Family Members on R&D. Sustainability. 2021; 13(4):1982. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13041982

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hernández-Lara, Ana Beatriz, Juan Pablo Gonzales-Bustos, and Amado Alarcón-Alarcón. 2021. "Social Sustainability on Corporate Boards: The Effects of Female Family Members on R&D" Sustainability 13, no. 4: 1982. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13041982

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