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Open AccessArticle

Investigations on the Sustainable Resource Use of Swiss Timber

1
Institute of Structural Engineering, ETH Zurich, 8093 Zurich, Switzerland
2
Swiss Wood Innovation Network (S-WIN), 8008 Zurich, Switzerland
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Department of Energy and Process Engineering, Norwegian University of Science & Technology, NO-7491 Trondheim, Norway
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Architecture and Civil Engineering, Building Technology, Sustainable Building, Chalmers University of Technology, SE-412 96 Gothenburg, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Edwin B. Zea Escamilla
Sustainability 2021, 13(3), 1237; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13031237
Received: 20 December 2020 / Revised: 9 January 2021 / Accepted: 11 January 2021 / Published: 25 January 2021
In Switzerland, the advantages of timber buildings for the climate are broadly discussed. In the following paper, a comparative sustainability assessment of four building alternatives is presented. Especially the contribution of implementing Swiss timber versus the implementation of imported timber is highlighted. Additionally, the timber-hybrid building structures are compared to a pure reinforced concrete structure. The timber-hybrid structure, with Swiss timber, has clear ecological advantages with only half the greenhouse gas emissions and half the non-renewable energy consumption compared to the reinforced concrete alternative. Comparing the Swiss timber alternative to the imported timber alternative, there are clear ecological advantages, as well. In terms of economic and social sustainability assessment criteria, the reinforced concrete alternative has the lowest production costs and the lowest labor intensity (measured in terms of full-time equivalents). Additionally, the paper includes an analysis of biogenic CO2 emissions and CO2 storage within the timber building alternatives. Finally, an up-scaling to the national level is attempted, showcasing the ecological and economic advantages of promoting the use of locally produced timber. View Full-Text
Keywords: comparative sustainability assessment; timber resource use; economic; ecological and social assessment comparative sustainability assessment; timber resource use; economic; ecological and social assessment
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MDPI and ACS Style

Leyder, C.; Klippel, M.; Bartlomé, O.; Heeren, N.; Kissling, S.; Goto, Y.; Frangi, A. Investigations on the Sustainable Resource Use of Swiss Timber. Sustainability 2021, 13, 1237. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13031237

AMA Style

Leyder C, Klippel M, Bartlomé O, Heeren N, Kissling S, Goto Y, Frangi A. Investigations on the Sustainable Resource Use of Swiss Timber. Sustainability. 2021; 13(3):1237. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13031237

Chicago/Turabian Style

Leyder, Claude; Klippel, Michael; Bartlomé, Olin; Heeren, Niko; Kissling, Sarah; Goto, Yutaka; Frangi, Andrea. 2021. "Investigations on the Sustainable Resource Use of Swiss Timber" Sustainability 13, no. 3: 1237. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13031237

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