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Article

An Air Route Network Planning Model of Logistics UAV Terminal Distribution in Urban Low Altitude Airspace

College of Civil Aviation, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 210016, China
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Xiaobei Jiang, Haixiang Lin, Fei Yan and Qian Cheng
Sustainability 2021, 13(23), 13079; https://doi.org/10.3390/su132313079
Received: 21 October 2021 / Revised: 17 November 2021 / Accepted: 23 November 2021 / Published: 25 November 2021
Traditional terminal logistics distribution in urban areas is mainly concentrated on the ground, which leads to increasingly serious air pollution and traffic congestion. With the popularization of unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) techniques and the reform of low altitude airspace, terminal logistics distribution is expected to be carried out by drones. Therefore, it is of great significance to construct a reasonable air route network for logistics UAV to ensure the safety and efficiency of operations. In this paper, a single route planning model and an air route network planning model for UAV were constructed by fully considering the complex urban low altitude environment, the flight performance of UAV and the characteristics of logistics tasks to regulate the flights of drones. Then, taking Jiangjun Road Campus of Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics as an example, the improved cellular automata (CA) was adopted to search for the optimal route between different waypoints, and the optimal spanning tree algorithm was used to construct the route network. The experimental results demonstrated that the improved CA could greatly reduce search time and obtain the optimal route while enhancing safety. With the satisfaction of the voyage, the needs of logistics and distribution constraints, a network that had smaller intersection points and redundancy was generated. The models and core ideas proposed in this paper can not only regulate operation of drones but also provide a solid foundation for the distribution of logistics UAV in the future. View Full-Text
Keywords: logistics UAV; urban terminal distribution; CA; optimal spanning tree; air route network logistics UAV; urban terminal distribution; CA; optimal spanning tree; air route network
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MDPI and ACS Style

Li, S.; Zhang, H.; Li, Z.; Liu, H. An Air Route Network Planning Model of Logistics UAV Terminal Distribution in Urban Low Altitude Airspace. Sustainability 2021, 13, 13079. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132313079

AMA Style

Li S, Zhang H, Li Z, Liu H. An Air Route Network Planning Model of Logistics UAV Terminal Distribution in Urban Low Altitude Airspace. Sustainability. 2021; 13(23):13079. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132313079

Chicago/Turabian Style

Li, Shan, Honghai Zhang, Zhuolun Li, and Hao Liu. 2021. "An Air Route Network Planning Model of Logistics UAV Terminal Distribution in Urban Low Altitude Airspace" Sustainability 13, no. 23: 13079. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132313079

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