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Parking Policy as a Tool of Sustainable Mobility-Parking Standards in Poland vs. European Experiences

by *,† and
Department of Urban Design and Settlement Processes, Faculty of Architecture, Wroclaw University of Science and Technology, 27 Wybrzeze Wyspianskiego St., 50-370 Wroclaw, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Itzhak Benenson
Sustainability 2021, 13(20), 11330; https://doi.org/10.3390/su132011330
Received: 14 August 2021 / Revised: 29 September 2021 / Accepted: 8 October 2021 / Published: 14 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Urban and Rural Development)
Contemporary cities generally lack the balance between the development of the spatial structure and the communication possibilities of the inhabitants. The high motorisation rate in Poland, as well as in other European countries, and the preferred choice of individual means of transportation have both contributed to a significant increase in congestion over the last 10 years. The aim of this research was to try to establish to what extent a consciously conducted parking policy can help control the mobility of inhabitants of selected Polish cities. The starting point for the analysis was the availability of parking spaces in residential areas, introduced as an imposed indicator in the operative planning documents. As part of the research, the authors of this paper analyzed the legal provisions of the operative Local Spatial Development Plans (MPZP) concerning the parking function for housing estates five of the biggest cities in Poland. The results were confronted with data on selected European cities. Nearly 550 planning documents from the years 2000–2019 and parking standards operating in individual countries were cataloged and analyzed. The research results show that for 20 years Polish cities have mainly been using the possibility of determining the minimum rate of parking spaces. Regulations attempting to limit the number of cars are incidental. However, this is a necessary direction of legislative changes. View Full-Text
Keywords: car parking policy; residential parking rate; mobility; urban design; housing estate; parking standards car parking policy; residential parking rate; mobility; urban design; housing estate; parking standards
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lower, A.; Szumilas, A. Parking Policy as a Tool of Sustainable Mobility-Parking Standards in Poland vs. European Experiences. Sustainability 2021, 13, 11330. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132011330

AMA Style

Lower A, Szumilas A. Parking Policy as a Tool of Sustainable Mobility-Parking Standards in Poland vs. European Experiences. Sustainability. 2021; 13(20):11330. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132011330

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lower, Anna, and Agnieszka Szumilas. 2021. "Parking Policy as a Tool of Sustainable Mobility-Parking Standards in Poland vs. European Experiences" Sustainability 13, no. 20: 11330. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132011330

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