Using Phase Change Materials (PCMs) in a Hot and Humid Climate to Reduce Heat Gain and Energy Consumption
- The heat transfer and the airflow are one-dimensional.
- There is a steady-state heat flow.
- Heat loss from the corners and edges is neglected.
- The used material has constant properties.
- The heat transfer is only by conduction.
3. Materials and Methods
3.1. Experimental Setup
3.2. PCM and Polystyrene Foam Selection
4. Results and Discussion
4.1. Thermal Behavior
4.1.1. Highest Outside Temperature
4.1.2. Lowest Outside Temperature Reached
4.2. Rate of Heat Transfer and Heat Flux Based on The Collected Data
4.3. PCM Energy-Saving Expectations
4.4. Research Limitations
- The experiment studied the performance of insulation in only one location, which is inside hollow bricks.
- This experiment was just a small prototype to investigate PCMs as a building material and to study their thermal performance. The initial cost and energy consumption cost for the same materials used in the experiment can possibly be investigated in future research on an actual scale.
- The experiment chambers were fully closed, with no opening for ventilation to study the PCM behavior.
- The chambers were designed to be small due to the limited amount of PCMs and the affordability of their price.
- The experiment did not study the possibility of leakage when the PCMs reached the melting phase and became liquid.
- At the highest temperature reached during the experiment:
- Both PCMs showed better thermal behavior than polystyrene foam and bricks alone at peak time.
- PCM RT35 produced a 13% better cooling effect than PCM 35HC; it was 24% better than foam and 28.56% better than hollow bricks alone.
- At the lowest temperature reached during the experiment:
- The PCM RT35HC chamber showed better results in saving energy and kept the chamber warm than all other chambers; it was 9.5% better than the reference chamber, 7.0% better than the foam chamber, and 2.81% better than the PCM RT35 chamber.
Institutional Review Board Statement
Informed Consent Statement
Data Availability Statement
Conflicts of Interest
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Bagazi, M.S.; Melaibari, A.A.; Khoshaim, A.B.; Abu-Hamdeh, N.H.; Alsaiari, A.O.; Abulkhair, H. Using Phase Change Materials (PCMs) in a Hot and Humid Climate to Reduce Heat Gain and Energy Consumption. Sustainability 2021, 13, 10965. https://doi.org/10.3390/su131910965
Bagazi MS, Melaibari AA, Khoshaim AB, Abu-Hamdeh NH, Alsaiari AO, Abulkhair H. Using Phase Change Materials (PCMs) in a Hot and Humid Climate to Reduce Heat Gain and Energy Consumption. Sustainability. 2021; 13(19):10965. https://doi.org/10.3390/su131910965Chicago/Turabian Style
Bagazi, Mohammad S., Ammar A. Melaibari, Ahmed B. Khoshaim, Nidal H. Abu-Hamdeh, Abdulmohsen O. Alsaiari, and Hani Abulkhair. 2021. "Using Phase Change Materials (PCMs) in a Hot and Humid Climate to Reduce Heat Gain and Energy Consumption" Sustainability 13, no. 19: 10965. https://doi.org/10.3390/su131910965