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Article

Eco-Hammam: The Complexity of Accelerating the Ecological Transition of a Key Social Heritage Sector in Morocco

Welsh School of Architecture, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF10 3NB, UK
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Academic Editor: Chiara Delmastro
Sustainability 2021, 13(17), 9935; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13179935
Received: 16 August 2021 / Revised: 27 August 2021 / Accepted: 1 September 2021 / Published: 4 September 2021
Hammams are key providers of affordable hygiene and wellbeing services for the less wealthy in the Maghreb region. However, the UN climate change conference COP22, held in Marrakech in 2016, highlighted hammams are major contributors to air pollution, deforestation, loss of ecosystems, water overconsumption and wastage in Morocco. This paper analyses the complexity of advancing their energy transition from the viewpoint of key stakeholders engaged in two half-day virtual forums focusing on the water–energy nexus; organised as part of the AHRC funded project “Eco-Hammam: engaging key stakeholders with bespoke low-carbon technologies for lighting, heating, and water recycling to sustain a Moroccan heritage”. Results reveal that the Moroccan hammam sector could benefit greatly from stakeholders’ networking and collaboration to accelerate the uptake of low-carbon technologies and ecological practices. Key stakeholders’ priorities and barriers (economic, policy-induced or governance related) are presented and show that the lack of coordination between governmental and non-governmental organisations is perceived as contributing to the slow pace of the hammam energy transition. Although managers seem fully aware of available energy transition technologies for their furnaces, energy and water are treated independently and disconnected in their governance. Finally, Marrakech is identified as a potential hammam sustainability hub. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy transition; climate design; sustainable urban development; stakeholders’ engagement; Moroccan hammams; living heritage; urban renewal; governance energy transition; climate design; sustainable urban development; stakeholders’ engagement; Moroccan hammams; living heritage; urban renewal; governance
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Figure 1

  • Externally hosted supplementary file 1
    Link: https://ecohammam.com/
    Description: Link to the Eco-hammam project website, hosting the video-recordings of the virtual forums analysed in this paper.
MDPI and ACS Style

Sibley, M.; Pezzica, C.; Tweed, C. Eco-Hammam: The Complexity of Accelerating the Ecological Transition of a Key Social Heritage Sector in Morocco. Sustainability 2021, 13, 9935. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13179935

AMA Style

Sibley M, Pezzica C, Tweed C. Eco-Hammam: The Complexity of Accelerating the Ecological Transition of a Key Social Heritage Sector in Morocco. Sustainability. 2021; 13(17):9935. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13179935

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sibley, Magda, Camilla Pezzica, and Chris Tweed. 2021. "Eco-Hammam: The Complexity of Accelerating the Ecological Transition of a Key Social Heritage Sector in Morocco" Sustainability 13, no. 17: 9935. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13179935

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