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A Multicriteria Evaluation of Sustainable Riparian Revegetation with Local Fruit Trees around a Reservoir of a Hydroelectric Power Plant in Central Brazil

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Department of Industrial Engineering, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro 21941-485, Brazil
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Agricultural and Livestock Defense Agency of the State of Paraná, Cabral 80035-050, Brazil
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University Defense Center, Spanish Naval School, 36920 Marín, Spain
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Research Group Cybernetics Science and Technology (CTC), Department of Industrial Engineering, University of A Coruña, 15405 Ferrol, Spain
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Research Group Solar and Wind Feasibility Technologies (SWIFT), Electromechanical Engineering Department, Universidad de Burgos, 09006 Burgos, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Brian Deal
Sustainability 2021, 13(14), 7849; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13147849
Received: 4 June 2021 / Revised: 30 June 2021 / Accepted: 9 July 2021 / Published: 14 July 2021
The construction of hydropower plants often requires the flooding of large land areas, causing considerable alterations in the natural environment. In the region surrounding the reservoir of the Corumbá IV hydroelectric plant, located in the Cerrado region of Central Brazil, two types of soil predominate, classified as Dystroferric Red Latosol and Dystroferric Haplic Cambisol. The plant owners have to restore the degraded biome after the flooding of the margins caused by the filling of the reservoir. An experiment was carried out with fifteen native species, selected for having ideal phytosociological properties. Nine of them showed a survivability considered satisfactory in a planting situation, with a view to large-scale planting. Assuming that the planting of native fruit trees can be a quick solution to the attraction and preservation of wildlife, it would therefore provide sustainable riparian revegetation around the reservoir. We adopted the SIMOS technique to rank the criteria based on four morphological features and a Fuzzy AHP model to rank the contributions of the nine fruit tree species to the sustainable restoration of part of the riparian vegetation cover around the reservoir. In practical terms, we concluded that the soil types did not have any influence on tree survival after two years of growth, but the native trees’ morphological features varied among the species. These findings simplify the large-scale planting of seedlings that must be carried out by the operator in the riparian forest around the reservoir. View Full-Text
Keywords: revegetation; power plant reservoir; SIMOS; Fuzzy AHP; Brazilian Cerrado revegetation; power plant reservoir; SIMOS; Fuzzy AHP; Brazilian Cerrado
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ribas, J.R.; Ribas, J.S.; García, A.S.; Fariña, E.A.; Peña, D.G.; Rodríguez, A.G. A Multicriteria Evaluation of Sustainable Riparian Revegetation with Local Fruit Trees around a Reservoir of a Hydroelectric Power Plant in Central Brazil. Sustainability 2021, 13, 7849. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13147849

AMA Style

Ribas JR, Ribas JS, García AS, Fariña EA, Peña DG, Rodríguez AG. A Multicriteria Evaluation of Sustainable Riparian Revegetation with Local Fruit Trees around a Reservoir of a Hydroelectric Power Plant in Central Brazil. Sustainability. 2021; 13(14):7849. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13147849

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ribas, José R., Jorge S. Ribas, Andrés S. García, Elena A. Fariña, David G. Peña, and Ana G. Rodríguez. 2021. "A Multicriteria Evaluation of Sustainable Riparian Revegetation with Local Fruit Trees around a Reservoir of a Hydroelectric Power Plant in Central Brazil" Sustainability 13, no. 14: 7849. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13147849

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