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Article

Dimensions of Football Stadium and Museum Tour Experiences: The Case of Europe’s Most Valuable Brands

1
Centre for Socioeconomic and Territorial Studies (DINÂMIA’CET), ISCTE—Instituto Universitário de Lisboa, 1649-026 Lisbon, Portugal
2
Faculty of Economics, University of Porto, 4200-464 Porto, Portugal
3
Collins College of Business, The University of Tulsa, Tulsa, OK 74104, USA
4
ISCTE—Instituto Universitário de Lisboa, 1649-026 Lisbon, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Tomás F. Espino-Rodríguez
Sustainability 2021, 13(12), 6602; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13126602
Received: 19 May 2021 / Revised: 6 June 2021 / Accepted: 6 June 2021 / Published: 9 June 2021
In the context of football’s globalisation, some of the most important football clubs (FCs) can currently be classified as ‘entertainment multinationals’. Sport hospitality provides opportunities to maximise club stadiums’ use so that they can increase clubs’ annual turnover and function as branding platforms. This study sought to identify the main narratives shared online about—and the dimensions of—visitors’ experiences with top football brands in stadium tours. The data collected for this research comprised 400 text reviews for 10 European FCs’ stadiums (i.e., 4000 reviews) written by visitors in the post-experience phase. Content analysis of these Web reviews was conducted using Leximancer software. The results confirm the existence of 15 themes: fan, tour, stadium, team, museum, room, staff, game, (best) place, ticket, seating, recommend(ation), food, shop and attraction. Most researchers have examined stadium tours from a supply-side perspective. The present study’s aim was, therefore, to contribute to the existing literature by analysing stadium tours’ dimensions from the visitors’ point of view. Stadium tours and museum visits are important sources of revenue that contribute to FCs’ economic sustainability. Offering outstanding customer experiences is thus of utmost importance to maximise club stadiums’ usage and strengthen fans’ engagement. View Full-Text
Keywords: stadium tour; football museum; visitor experience; web review stadium tour; football museum; visitor experience; web review
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MDPI and ACS Style

Brochado, A.; Brito, C.; Bouchet, A.; Oliveira, F. Dimensions of Football Stadium and Museum Tour Experiences: The Case of Europe’s Most Valuable Brands. Sustainability 2021, 13, 6602. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13126602

AMA Style

Brochado A, Brito C, Bouchet A, Oliveira F. Dimensions of Football Stadium and Museum Tour Experiences: The Case of Europe’s Most Valuable Brands. Sustainability. 2021; 13(12):6602. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13126602

Chicago/Turabian Style

Brochado, Ana, Carlos Brito, Adrien Bouchet, and Fernando Oliveira. 2021. "Dimensions of Football Stadium and Museum Tour Experiences: The Case of Europe’s Most Valuable Brands" Sustainability 13, no. 12: 6602. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13126602

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