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Article

Performance-Based Planning to Reduce Flooding Vulnerability Insights from the Case of Turin (North-West Italy)

1
Department of City and Regional Planning, Izmir Institute of Technology, Gülbahçe Kampüsü Urla, İzmir 35430, Turkey
2
Department of Architecture and Urban Studies, Politecnico di Milano, Via Bonardi 3, 20133 Milano, Italy
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Responsible Risk Resilience Center, Interuniversity Department of Regional and Urban Studies and Planning, Politecnico di Torino, Viale Pier Andrea Mattioli, 39, 10125 Torino, Italy
4
Interuniversity Department of Regional and Urban Studies and Planning, Politecnico di Torino, Viale Pier Andrea Mattioli, 39, 10125 Torino, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Andrzej Wałęga
Sustainability 2021, 13(10), 5697; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13105697
Received: 12 April 2021 / Revised: 11 May 2021 / Accepted: 11 May 2021 / Published: 19 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Urban Design and Land Use Planning)
Climate change impacts urban areas with greater frequency and exposes continental cities located on floodplains to extreme cloudbursts events. This scenario requires developing specific flooding vulnerability mitigation strategies that improve local knowledge of flood-prone areas at the urban scale and supersede the traditional hazard approach based on the classification of riverine buffers. Moreover, decision-makers need to adopt performance-based strategies for contrasting climate changes and increasing the resilience of the system. This research develops the recent Flooding Risk Mitigation model of InVEST (Integrated Evaluation of Ecosystem Services and Trade-off), where cloudburst vulnerability results from the soil’s hydrological conductivity. It is based on the assumption that during cloudburst events, all saturated soils have the potential for flooding, regardless of the distance to rivers or channels, causing damage and, in the worst cases, victims. The model’s output gives the run-off retention index evaluated in the catchment area of Turin (Italy) and its neighborhoods. We evaluated the outcome to gain specific insight into potential land use adaptation strategies. The index is the first experimental biophysical assessment developed in this area, and it could prove useful in the revision process of the general town plan underway. View Full-Text
Keywords: ecosystem services; resilience; performance-based urban planning; cloudburst; flooding ecosystem services; resilience; performance-based urban planning; cloudburst; flooding
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MDPI and ACS Style

Salata, S.; Ronchi, S.; Giaimo, C.; Arcidiacono, A.; Pantaloni, G.G. Performance-Based Planning to Reduce Flooding Vulnerability Insights from the Case of Turin (North-West Italy). Sustainability 2021, 13, 5697. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13105697

AMA Style

Salata S, Ronchi S, Giaimo C, Arcidiacono A, Pantaloni GG. Performance-Based Planning to Reduce Flooding Vulnerability Insights from the Case of Turin (North-West Italy). Sustainability. 2021; 13(10):5697. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13105697

Chicago/Turabian Style

Salata, Stefano; Ronchi, Silvia; Giaimo, Carolina; Arcidiacono, Andrea; Pantaloni, Giulio G. 2021. "Performance-Based Planning to Reduce Flooding Vulnerability Insights from the Case of Turin (North-West Italy)" Sustainability 13, no. 10: 5697. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13105697

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