Next Article in Journal
A Case of Leveraging a Mega-Sport Event for a Sport Participation and Sport Tourism Legacy: A Prospective Longitudinal Case Study of Whistler Adaptive Sports
Next Article in Special Issue
Sustainable Governance of the Korean Freight Transportation Industry from an Environmental Perspective
Previous Article in Journal
Sustainable Social and Environmental Evaluation of Post-Industrial Facilities in a Closed Loop Perspective in Coal-Mining Areas in Poland
Previous Article in Special Issue
Sustainable Evolution of China’s Regional Energy Efficiency Based on a Weighted SBM Model with Energy Substitutability
Article

Subsidies, Clean Heating Choices, and Policy Costs: Evidence from Rural Households in Northern China

by 1, 2,* and 1,*
1
Business School, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
2
Chinese Academy of Environmental Planning, Beijing 100012, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2021, 13(1), 169; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13010169
Received: 2 December 2020 / Revised: 22 December 2020 / Accepted: 23 December 2020 / Published: 26 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Efficiency and Urban Climate Adaption)
Clean heating renovation is important for optimizing the regional energy structure and improving the quality of the atmospheric environment in Northern China. According to survey data of 1298 rural households in the “coal-to-gas” reform in Hengshui of Hebei Province, in this paper, we construct a clean heating subsidy model which focuses on clean heating choices, the reburning rate, and the subsidy cost. The key parameters affecting farmers’ choice of clean heating, including the lifeline, classification of rural households, and gas price elasticity, are estimated. Furthermore, we simulate changes between the existing and new subsidy policies, including the impact on the welfare of rural residents. We present the following findings: (1) under the current subsidy standard, the level of gas heating lifeline in Hengshui is 700 m3, the proportion of low-gas-consumption households is approximately 47.38%, and the reburning rate ranges from 47.38% to 63.80%; (2) under a new subsidy standard which we designed to ensure that households will not reburn the coal, the optimal subsidy value is 1.23 CNY/m3, the optimal subsidy volume is 970 m3, and the total subsidy demonstrates an increase of 46.21%; and (3) the government’s subsidy standards should focus on low-income households. View Full-Text
Keywords: clean heating choices; coal-to-gas; subsidies; gas price elasticity clean heating choices; coal-to-gas; subsidies; gas price elasticity
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Li, J.; Song, L.; Zhu, Y. Subsidies, Clean Heating Choices, and Policy Costs: Evidence from Rural Households in Northern China. Sustainability 2021, 13, 169. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13010169

AMA Style

Li J, Song L, Zhu Y. Subsidies, Clean Heating Choices, and Policy Costs: Evidence from Rural Households in Northern China. Sustainability. 2021; 13(1):169. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13010169

Chicago/Turabian Style

Li, Jing, Lingling Song, and Yanchun Zhu. 2021. "Subsidies, Clean Heating Choices, and Policy Costs: Evidence from Rural Households in Northern China" Sustainability 13, no. 1: 169. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13010169

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop