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Article

Municipal Solid Waste and Utility Consumption in Taiwan

1
Ocean Conservation Administration, Ocean Affairs Council, Executive Yuan, Taipei 10043, Taiwan
2
Environmental Protection Administration, Executive Yuan, Taipei 10043, Taiwan
3
School of Forest and Resources Conservation, National Taiwan University, Taipei, 10617, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(8), 3425; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12083425
Received: 4 February 2020 / Revised: 7 April 2020 / Accepted: 8 April 2020 / Published: 22 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Process Integration and Optimisation for Sustainable Systems)
In Taiwan, 3,130,735 t of refuse for disposal and 4,113,808 t of recycled recyclable waste were generated in 2017. The government of Taiwan has been actively promoting a resource recycling program since July 1998. To pursue sustainability and locate waste minimization opportunities, the correlation between utility consumption and population and the quantity of refuse and recyclable waste from municipalities in Taiwan was studied. There are six special municipalities and 16 cities and counties covering a great variety of urbanization and settlement characteristics, such as registered populations, electricity, and water consumption. The above parameters of the municipalities were correlated with the quantities of refuse and recycled urban waste. Residential electricity consumption, overall population, and business electricity consumption were found to be major parameters correlating the generation of refuse and recycled urban waste. Due to their higher levels of business activities, the waste generation behaviours of these six special municipalities are more diverse than those of the 16 municipalities. Due to the discrepancy of the registered population system, the utility consumption values within administrative boundaries can better predict municipal solid waste, (MSW) generation than utility consumption at a per capita. Utility consumption within administrative boundaries is more convenient as a measure to predict refuse and recycled urban waste than other complex social–economic indicators. View Full-Text
Keywords: municipal solid waste; recycling; recyclable waste; sustainability; urban; utilities municipal solid waste; recycling; recyclable waste; sustainability; urban; utilities
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sung, H.-C.; Sheu, Y.-S.; Yang, B.-Y.; Ko, C.-H. Municipal Solid Waste and Utility Consumption in Taiwan. Sustainability 2020, 12, 3425. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12083425

AMA Style

Sung H-C, Sheu Y-S, Yang B-Y, Ko C-H. Municipal Solid Waste and Utility Consumption in Taiwan. Sustainability. 2020; 12(8):3425. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12083425

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sung, Hsin-Chen, Yiong-Shing Sheu, Bing-Yuan Yang, and Chun-Han Ko. 2020. "Municipal Solid Waste and Utility Consumption in Taiwan" Sustainability 12, no. 8: 3425. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12083425

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