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Socioeconomic Indicators to Monitor Norway’s Bioeconomy in Transition

NIFU (Nordic Institute for Studies in Innovation, Research and Education), Postboks 2815 Tøyen, NO-0608 Oslo, Norway
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Sustainability 2020, 12(8), 3173; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12083173
Received: 14 March 2020 / Revised: 8 April 2020 / Accepted: 9 April 2020 / Published: 15 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Economic and Business Aspects of Sustainability)
Bioeconomy is a concept increasingly used to circumscribe that part of the economy which depends on the utilisation of biomass. Recent empirical analyses of the European Union bioeconomies have adopted a definition of bioeconomy which also encompasses activities in “hybrid” sectors; inputs for these sectors include not only biomass, but also a relevant share of other materials. We use the same definition to assess the features and evolution of the bioeconomy in Norway. The Norwegian bioeconomy is complex, both in terms of sectoral composition and of technological development. Our analysis builds upon national statistics on value added and employment as well as on expert interviews, aimed at detecting Norway’s peculiarities in terms of biomass utilisation. We find that the Norwegian bioeconomy has strongly increased its productivity in recent years. An astonishingly high peak in productivity is registered for fishing and aquaculture, whose value added has evolved massively; at the same time, pharmaceuticals are experiencing a dramatic shift toward bio-based production. General trends in the country’s bioeconomy have thus emerged from different transformation pathways across sectors. Our empirical analysis leads to formulating a general reflection about the definition of bioeconomy and its implications for socioeconomic quantitative studies. View Full-Text
Keywords: bioeconomy; Norway; apparent labour productivity; value added; jobs and growth bioeconomy; Norway; apparent labour productivity; value added; jobs and growth
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MDPI and ACS Style

Capasso, M.; Klitkou, A. Socioeconomic Indicators to Monitor Norway’s Bioeconomy in Transition. Sustainability 2020, 12, 3173. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12083173

AMA Style

Capasso M, Klitkou A. Socioeconomic Indicators to Monitor Norway’s Bioeconomy in Transition. Sustainability. 2020; 12(8):3173. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12083173

Chicago/Turabian Style

Capasso, Marco; Klitkou, Antje. 2020. "Socioeconomic Indicators to Monitor Norway’s Bioeconomy in Transition" Sustainability 12, no. 8: 3173. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12083173

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