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Open AccessArticle

Children’s and Mothers’ Achievement Goal Orientations and Self-Efficacy: Dyadic Contributions to Students’ Well-Being

1
Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, „Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Iași, 700506 Iași, Romania
2
Department of Education Sciences, „Ștefan cel Mare” University of Suceava, 720229 Suceava, Romania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Sustainability 2020, 12(5), 1785; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12051785
Received: 15 December 2019 / Revised: 19 February 2020 / Accepted: 26 February 2020 / Published: 27 February 2020
Starting from the basic idea that identifying predictive family factors for children’s well-being is among the levels of the psychology of sustainable human development, our study aimed to investigate the impact of mothers’ achievement goal orientations and parental self-efficacy on their children’s academic well-being, considering children’s own achievement goals as a mediator variable. The entire sample comprised 350 participants: 175 children (42.86% boys) and their respective mothers. Children were enrolled in the 4th grade (n = 85; Mage = 10.44, SD = 0.49), in the 8th grade (n = 62; Mage = 14.45, SD = 0.53), and in the 12th grade (n = 28; Mage = 18.39, SD = 0.62). The results indicated that mothers’ motivational orientations had a strong effect on their children’s corresponding motivational orientations. Mothers’ achievement goal orientations and parental self-efficacy had significant effects on children’s well-being, mediated by children’s goal orientations. Children’s well-being was positively predicted by mothers’ mastery and performance-approach goal orientations, with variations between age groups. The importance of the parental motivational orientations in the development of the children’s corresponding orientations and well-being suggests that changing academic adaptation might be possible by operating early interventions at the parents’ level. Further research is necessary to explore why performance-approach goals had a positive impact on well-being in this cultural context, as previous studies revealed that this type of goal orientation may be detrimental to well-being. View Full-Text
Keywords: achievement goal orientations; learning self-efficacy; parental self-efficacy; well-being achievement goal orientations; learning self-efficacy; parental self-efficacy; well-being
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Curelaru, V.; Muntele-Hendreș, D.; Diac, G.; Duca, D.-S. Children’s and Mothers’ Achievement Goal Orientations and Self-Efficacy: Dyadic Contributions to Students’ Well-Being. Sustainability 2020, 12, 1785.

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