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Article

Influential Factors on Injury Severity for Drivers of Light Trucks and Vans with Machine Learning Methods

1
University Institute of Automobile Research Francisco Aparicio Izquierdo (INSIA), Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (UPM), 28031 Madrid, Spain
2
Statistical Laboratory, Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros Industriales, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, 28006 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(4), 1324; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12041324
Received: 31 December 2019 / Revised: 30 January 2020 / Accepted: 7 February 2020 / Published: 12 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainability in Transportation and the Built Environment)
The study of road accidents and the adoption of measures to reduce them is one of the most important targets of the Sustainable Development Goals for 2030. To further progress in the improvement of road safety, it is necessary to focus studies on specific groups, such as light trucks and vans. Since 2013 in Spain, there has been an upturn in accidents in these two categories of vehicles and a renewed interest to deepen our understanding of the causes that encourage this behavior. This paper focuses on using machine learning methods to explain driver-injury severity in run-off-roadway and rollover types of accidents. A Random Forest (RF)-classification tree (CART) approach is used to select the relevant categorical variables (driver, vehicle, infrastructure, and environmental factors) to obtain models that classify, explain, and predict the severity of such accidents with good accuracy. A support vector machine and binomial logit models were applied in order to contrast the variable importance ranking and the performance analysis, and the results are convergent with the RF+CART approach (more than 70% accuracy). The resulting models highlight the importance of using safety belts, as well as psychophysical conditions (alcohol, drugs, or sleep deprivation) and injury localization for the two accident types. View Full-Text
Keywords: traffic accident; driver injury severity; sustainable development goals (SDG); light-duty vehicles; machine learning methods; classification and regression training (CARET); random forest; support vector machine (SVM); logit model traffic accident; driver injury severity; sustainable development goals (SDG); light-duty vehicles; machine learning methods; classification and regression training (CARET); random forest; support vector machine (SVM); logit model
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pillajo-Quijia, G.; Arenas-Ramírez, B.; González-Fernández, C.; Aparicio-Izquierdo, F. Influential Factors on Injury Severity for Drivers of Light Trucks and Vans with Machine Learning Methods. Sustainability 2020, 12, 1324. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12041324

AMA Style

Pillajo-Quijia G, Arenas-Ramírez B, González-Fernández C, Aparicio-Izquierdo F. Influential Factors on Injury Severity for Drivers of Light Trucks and Vans with Machine Learning Methods. Sustainability. 2020; 12(4):1324. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12041324

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pillajo-Quijia, Giovanny; Arenas-Ramírez, Blanca; González-Fernández, Camino; Aparicio-Izquierdo, Francisco. 2020. "Influential Factors on Injury Severity for Drivers of Light Trucks and Vans with Machine Learning Methods" Sustainability 12, no. 4: 1324. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12041324

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