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Article

The Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on the Resilience of Sustainable Mobility in Sicily

1
Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Kore University of Enna, Cittadella Universitaria, 94100 Enna, Italy
2
School of Rural & Surveying Engineering, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece
3
Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Bursa Technical University, Bursa 16330, Turkey
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(21), 8829; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12218829
Received: 27 September 2020 / Revised: 20 October 2020 / Accepted: 21 October 2020 / Published: 23 October 2020
The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in unprecedented measures changing travel habits in many countries. Many users have started to prefer traveling by private cars, which is against the sustainability policies of the European cities. The necessity of gaining a deeper understanding of road users’ travel habit changes, their feelings on public transport use, and their perceptions of using sustainable urban mobility modes has emerged for future transport planning. Considering these facts, the study in this paper aimed to investigate the influence of the COVID-19 pandemic on road users’ perceptions, needs, and use of sustainable travel modes (i.e., public transport, walking, and cycling). An online survey was carried out during the period from March to May 2020 in the case study area, Sicily of Southern Italy. Regarding the population of the case study, the survey was representative, with 431 individuals. The survey included variables, namely gender, age, city of residence, private car ownership, walking and cycling frequency before and during the pandemic, public transport use frequency for leisure activities before and during the pandemic, need for remote working, and the stress and anxiety perception of using public transport during the pandemic. The analysis started with descriptive statistics and it was followed by correlation analysis in order to explore the characteristics of the dataset and relationship between variables. It was found that these were not statistically significantly correlated at a 95% confidence level. An ordinal regression model was applied for determining the predictions. The results suggested that women were less likely to walk during the pandemic than men. Participants were more likely to resume remote work even after the second phase in order to reduce their daily travel needs and keep their isolation. Participants have expressed a positive opinion on the use of micromobility during pandemic situations. These results can be considered as a basis for sustainable urban planning and a guide for decision-makers who aim to encourage the use of public transport, walking, cycling, and micromobility. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; sustainable mobility modes; transport resilience; ordinal regression model COVID-19; sustainable mobility modes; transport resilience; ordinal regression model
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MDPI and ACS Style

Campisi, T.; Basbas, S.; Skoufas, A.; Akgün, N.; Ticali, D.; Tesoriere, G. The Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on the Resilience of Sustainable Mobility in Sicily. Sustainability 2020, 12, 8829. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12218829

AMA Style

Campisi T, Basbas S, Skoufas A, Akgün N, Ticali D, Tesoriere G. The Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on the Resilience of Sustainable Mobility in Sicily. Sustainability. 2020; 12(21):8829. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12218829

Chicago/Turabian Style

Campisi, Tiziana, Socrates Basbas, Anastasios Skoufas, Nurten Akgün, Dario Ticali, and Giovanni Tesoriere. 2020. "The Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on the Resilience of Sustainable Mobility in Sicily" Sustainability 12, no. 21: 8829. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12218829

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