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Open AccessArticle

Correlation of Vulnerability and Damage between Artistic Assets and Structural Elements: The DataBAES Archive for the Conservation Planning of CH Masonry Buildings in Seismic Areas

1
Department of Cultural Heritage, University of Padova, 35139 Padova, Italy
2
Venetian Cluster, 30124 Venice, Italy
3
Department of Civil, Environmental and Architectural Engineering, University of Padova, 35131 Padova, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(2), 653; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12020653
Received: 20 December 2019 / Revised: 8 January 2020 / Accepted: 13 January 2020 / Published: 16 January 2020
Historical buildings in seismic hazard-prone regions need specific measures in safety protection, largely due to the presence of artistic assets and/or decorations, both movable (e.g., statues, pinnacles, etc.) and unmovable (e.g., frescoes, valuable plasters or wall paintings, mosaics, and stuccoes). A correlation of damage between structural systems and artworks is fundamental for defining limit states, which can identify the proper conditions for interventions. Nevertheless, several vulnerability aspects can be identified before a seismic event occurs, the study of which can provide the basic dataset for setting up preventive measures in conservation programs. In this paper, the vulnerability and damage conditions related to structural elements (SE) and unmovable artistic assets (AA) belonging to historical masonry buildings are analysed. Optimized survey forms for the onsite detection of either intrinsic (e.g., compositional) defects or deterioration phenomena for both materials and structure are proposed, and results are provided in a web data system (called DataBAES). This enables us to compare the current levels of vulnerability and damage of AA and SE on a scale of five increasing grades. This procedure has been validated on a series of buildings struck by earthquakes in Italy and can be used for correlations of the seismic behaviour of SE and AA in predictive analyses. View Full-Text
Keywords: artworks; macro-elements; vulnerability; seismic damage; deterioration; web archive artworks; macro-elements; vulnerability; seismic damage; deterioration; web archive
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Valluzzi, M.R.; Calò, S.; Giacometti, G. Correlation of Vulnerability and Damage between Artistic Assets and Structural Elements: The DataBAES Archive for the Conservation Planning of CH Masonry Buildings in Seismic Areas. Sustainability 2020, 12, 653.

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