Next Article in Journal
Visualized Co-Simulation of Adaptive Human Behavior and Dynamic Building Performance: An Agent-Based Model (ABM) and Artificial Intelligence (AI) Approach for Smart Architectural Design
Previous Article in Journal
Optimized Design of Earth Dams: Analysis of Zoning and Heterogeneous Material in Its Core

DISARM Early Warning System for Wildfires in the Eastern Mediterranean

Institute for Environmental Research and Sustainable Development, National Observatory of Athens, 15236 Athens, Greece
Department of Physics, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, 15771 Athens, Greece
The Cyprus Institute, Nicosia 2121, Cyprus
National Institute of Meteorology and Hydrology, 1784 Sofia, Bulgaria
Department of Meteorology, Nicosia 1086, Cyprus
LMD/IPSL, CNRS UMR 8539, École Polytechnique, Sorbonne Universités, 91128 Palaiseau, France
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(16), 6670;
Received: 1 July 2020 / Revised: 11 August 2020 / Accepted: 14 August 2020 / Published: 18 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Hazards and Sustainability)
This paper discusses the main achievements of DISARM (Drought and fIre ObServatory and eArly waRning system) project, which developed an early warning system for wildfires in the Eastern Mediterranean. The four pillars of this system include (i) forecasting wildfire danger, (ii) detecting wildfires with remote sensing techniques, (iii) forecasting wildfire spread with a coupled weather-fire modeling system, and (iv) assessing the wildfire risk in the frame of climate change. Special emphasis is given to the innovative and replicable parts of the system. It is shown that for the effective use of fire weather forecasting in different geographical areas and in order to account for the local climate conditions, a proper adjustment of the wildfire danger classification is necessary. Additionally, the consideration of vegetation dryness may provide better estimates of wildfire danger. Our study also highlights some deficiencies of both EUMETSAT (Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites) and LSA-SAF (Satellite Application Facility on Land Surface Analysis) algorithms in their skill to detect wildfires over islands and near the coastline. To tackle this issue, a relevant modification is proposed. Furthermore, it is shown that IRIS, the coupled atmosphere-fire modeling system developed in the frame of DISARM, has proven to be a valuable supporting tool in fire suppression actions. Finally, assessment of the wildfire danger in the future climate provides the necessary context for the development of regional adaptation strategies to climate change. View Full-Text
Keywords: wildfires; fire danger; fire spread forecasting; remote sensing of wildfire activity; early warning systems wildfires; fire danger; fire spread forecasting; remote sensing of wildfire activity; early warning systems
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Kotroni, V.; Cartalis, C.; Michaelides, S.; Stoyanova, J.; Tymvios, F.; Bezes, A.; Christoudias, T.; Dafis, S.; Giannakopoulos, C.; Giannaros, T.M.; Georgiev, C.; Karagiannidis, A.; Karali, A.; Koletsis, I.; Lagouvardos, K.; Lemesios, I.; Mavrakou, T.; Papagiannaki, K.; Polydoros, A.; Proestos, Y. DISARM Early Warning System for Wildfires in the Eastern Mediterranean. Sustainability 2020, 12, 6670.

AMA Style

Kotroni V, Cartalis C, Michaelides S, Stoyanova J, Tymvios F, Bezes A, Christoudias T, Dafis S, Giannakopoulos C, Giannaros TM, Georgiev C, Karagiannidis A, Karali A, Koletsis I, Lagouvardos K, Lemesios I, Mavrakou T, Papagiannaki K, Polydoros A, Proestos Y. DISARM Early Warning System for Wildfires in the Eastern Mediterranean. Sustainability. 2020; 12(16):6670.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kotroni, Vassiliki, Constantinos Cartalis, Silas Michaelides, Julia Stoyanova, Fillipos Tymvios, Antonis Bezes, Theodoros Christoudias, Stavros Dafis, Christos Giannakopoulos, Theodore M. Giannaros, Christo Georgiev, Athanasios Karagiannidis, Anna Karali, Ioannis Koletsis, Konstantinos Lagouvardos, Ioannis Lemesios, Thaleia Mavrakou, Katerina Papagiannaki, Anastasios Polydoros, and Yiannis Proestos. 2020. "DISARM Early Warning System for Wildfires in the Eastern Mediterranean" Sustainability 12, no. 16: 6670.

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop