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Experiencing LoRa Network Establishment on a Smart Energy Campus Testbed

College of Information Technology, Incheon Nat’l University, Incheon 22012, Korea
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(7), 1917;
Received: 29 January 2019 / Revised: 7 March 2019 / Accepted: 25 March 2019 / Published: 30 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Communication Networks)
PDF [13417 KB, uploaded 30 March 2019]


The fundamental properties of long-range (LoRa) performance have been revealed by previous research, but advanced issues remain unresolved. This paper tackles three technical challenges that are confronted when establishing a LoRa network on a smart energy campus testbed in Korea. First, the communication range of LoRa in a combined indoor and outdoor environment has yet to be determined. To address this problem, this study builds a LoRa testbed from which we measure the propagation properties of radio signals in a combined environment. Then, we establish a simplified path loss model for LoRa PHY and compute the communication range. Next, national regulations enforce the use of the Listen-Before-Talk (LBT) scheduling scheme, but its performance has never been examined. This paper enumerates the impacts of LBT, threshold values, back-off algorithms, and application parameters on LoRa Medium Access Control (MAC) performance. Last, the application parameters required by the smart energy scenario influence LoRa performance, but their impacts have been scarcely reported. Based on the application parameters and experimental results, this paper proposes a strategy to deploy LoRa gateway(s) and nodes on the campus. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the first work that considers performance issues when establishing a LoRa network on a real-world application testbed. View Full-Text
Keywords: LoRa; LoRaWAN; LPWAN; IoT; smart grid; smart energy; wireless communications LoRa; LoRaWAN; LPWAN; IoT; smart grid; smart energy; wireless communications

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Kim, D.-H.; Lee, E.-K.; Kim, J. Experiencing LoRa Network Establishment on a Smart Energy Campus Testbed. Sustainability 2019, 11, 1917.

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